Background AQ4N is metabolised in hypoxic cells by cytochrome P450s (CYPs) to the cytotoxin AQ4. Most solid tumours are known to contain regions of hypoxia whereas levels of CYPs have been found to vary considerably. Enhancement of CYP levels may be obtained using gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (GDEPT). We have therefore examined the potential of a CYP2B6-mediated GDEPT strategy to enhance the anti-tumour effect of the combination of AQ4N with radiation or cyclophosphamide (CPA). Methods In vitro and in vivo transient transfection of human CYP2B6 +/- CYP reductase (CYPRED) was investigated in RIF-1 mouse tumours. Efficacy in vitro was assessed using the alkaline comet assay (ACA). In vivo, the time to reach 4x the treatment volume (quadrupling time; VQT) was used as the end point. Results When CYP2B6 was transfected into RIF-1 cells and treated with AQ4N under hypoxic conditions there was a significant increase in DNA damage (measured by the ACA) compared with non-transfected cells. In vivo, a single intra-tumoural injection of a CYP2B6 vector construct significantly enhanced tumour growth delay in combination with AQ4N (100 mg/kg) and 10 Gy X-rays. AQ4N (100 mg/kg) and CPA (100 mg/kg) with CYP2B6 and CYPRED also enhanced tumour growth delay; this effect became significant when the schedule was repeated 14 days later (p = 0.0197). Conclusions The results show the efficacy of a CYP2B6-mediated GDEPT strategy for bioreduction of AQ4N; this may offer an additional approach to target radiation- and chemo-resistant hypoxic tumours that should enhance overall tumour control. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Journal||Journal of Gene Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2005|