A point prevalence survey of antibiotic prescriptions: Benchmarking and patterns of use

M.A. Aldeyab, M.P. Kearney, J.C. McElnay, F.A. Magee, G. Conlon, D. Gill, P. Davey, A. Muller, H. Goossens, M.G. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM The aim of the study was to assess current patterns of antibiotic prescribing and the impact of a hospital antibiotic policy on these practices.METHODS The study involved collecting information regarding hospitalized patients utilizing the ESAC audit tool.RESULTS In the study site hospital, the use of the restricted agents was low whilst the use of the non-restricted agents was high. Compliance with the hospital antibiotic guidelines was 70%.DISCUSSION The findings identified monitoring non-restricted antibiotics and compliance with guidelines as targets for quality improvements in our hospital. Point prevalence surveys may offer a simple method of monitoring antibiotic policies, thus, informing antibiotic stewardship. © 2011 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology © 2011 The British Pharmacological Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-296
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Bibliographical note

Cited By :20

Export Date: 15 September 2018

CODEN: BCPHB

Correspondence Address: Aldeyab, M.A.; Clinical and Practice Research Group, School of Pharmacy, Queen's University, Belfast-BT9 7BL, United Kingdom; email: maldeyab02@qub.ac.uk

Chemicals/CAS: Anti-Bacterial Agents

References: Paterson, D.L., The role of antimicrobial management programs in optimizing antibiotic prescribing within hospitals (2006) Clin Infect Dis, 42 (2 SUPPL.), pp. S90-5; Gyssens, I.C., Quality measures of antimicrobial drug use (2001) Int J Antimicrob Agents, 17, pp. 9-19; MacDougall, C., Polk, R.E., Antimicrobial stewardship programs in health care systems (2005) Clin Microbiol Rev, 18, pp. 638-56; McElnay, J.C., Scott, M.G., Sidara, J.Y., Kearney, P., Audit of antibiotic usage in a medium-sized general hospital over an 11-year period. The impact of antibiotic policies (1995) Pharm World Sci, 17, pp. 207-13; Ansari, F., Erntell, M., Goossens, H., Davey, P., The European Surveillance of Antimicrobial Consumption (ESAC) point-prevalence survey of antibacterial use in 20 European hospitals in 2006 (2009) Clin Infect Dis, 49, pp. 1496-504; Guidelines for ATC Classifications and Ddds Assignment (2002), WHO Collaborating Center for Drug Statistics Methodology. Oslo: WHO Collaborating Center; Pelle, B., Gilchrist, M., Lawson, W., Jacklin, A., Franklin, B.D., Using defined daily doses to study the use of antibacterials in UK hospitals (2006) Hosp Pharmacist, 13, pp. 133-6; Aldeyab, M.A., Monnet, D.L., López-Lozano, J.M., Hughes, C.M., Scott, M.G., Kearney, M.P., Magee, F.A., McElnay, J.C., Modelling the impact of antibiotic use and infection control practices on the incidence of hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a time-series analysis (2008) J Antimicrob Chemother, 62, pp. 593-600; Aldeyab, M.A., Harbarth, S., Vernaz, N., Kearney, M.P., Scott, M.G., Funston, C., Savage, K., McElnay, J.C., Quasiexperimental study of the effects of antibiotic use, gastric acid-suppressive agents, and infection control practices on the incidence of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea in hospitalized patients (2009) Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 53, pp. 2082-8; Polk, R.E., Antimicrobial formularies: can they minimize antimicrobial resistance? (2003) Am J Health Syst Pharm, 60 (1 SUPPL.), pp. S16-9

Keywords

  • Antibiotic policy
  • ESAC
  • Point prevalence survey
  • aminoglycoside derivative
  • antibiotic agent
  • beta lactam antibiotic
  • carbapenem derivative
  • cephalosporin derivative
  • glycopeptide
  • imidazole derivative
  • macrolide
  • monobactam derivative
  • penicillin derivative
  • penicillin G derivative
  • quinoline derived antiinfective agent
  • tetracycline derivative
  • trimethoprim derivative
  • adult
  • aged
  • article
  • drug use
  • health survey
  • hospital policy
  • human
  • major clinical study
  • practice guideline
  • prescription
  • prevalence
  • priority journal
  • quality control
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Benchmarking
  • Drug Prescriptions
  • Drug Utilization
  • Drug Utilization Review
  • Europe
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Northern Ireland
  • Physician's Practice Patterns
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic

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