The aim of the paper is to profile the current practice andunderstanding of entrepreneurship in the context of academicinstitutions on the island of Ireland. A qualitative, sense-makingmethodology is used involving a purposeful sampling of perceptionsfrom staff at academic institutions in the Republic of Irelandand Northern Ireland. First, the concept of academic entrepreneurshipis explored both from an individual and from a corporateperspective. Second, comparative evidence of academic entrepreneurshipis presented to highlight significant differences betweenthe Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Recent contrastingpolicy differences are also identified. Third, a profile of the currentstate of academic entrepreneurship in Ireland is presented. Thediscussion then explores the main findings of the exercise andimplications in terms of how academic institutions best engage withentrepreneurship.
|Journal||Irish Journal of Management|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
Bibliographical noteReference text: Birley, S. (2002) ‘Universities, Academics, and Spinout Companies:
Lessons from Imperial’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship
Education, Vol. 1, No.1, pp. 133–153.
Blair, D. (1999) University Spin-Outs: A Driving Force in the
Northern Ireland Economy, Belfast: The Queen’s University and
the University of Ulster.
Brennan, M.C. and McGowan, P. (2006) ‘Academic Entrepreneurship:
A Case Study’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship
Behaviour and Research, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 144–164.
Brennan, M.C., Wall, A.P. and McGowan, P. (2005) ‘Academic
Entrepreneurship: Assessing Preferences in Nascent Entrepreneurs’,
Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, Vol. 12,
No. 3, pp. 307–322.
74 Academy Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland
Burgelman, R. (1984) ‘Managing the Internal Corporate Venturing
Process’, Sloan Management Review, Vol. 25, No. 2,
Clark, B. (1998) Creating Entrepreneurial Universities, Oxford:
Cooper, S. (2000) ‘Technical Entrepreneurship’, in S. Carter and
D. Jones-Evans (eds), Enterprise and Small Business, Harlow:
Dess, G.G., Ireland, R.D., Zahra, S.A., Floyd, S.W., Janney, J.J. and
Lane, P.J. (2003) ‘Emerging Issues in Corporate Entrepreneurship’,
Journal of Management, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 351–378.
DfES (Department for Education and Skills) (2003) The Future of
Higher Education, Norwich: HMSO.
Dickson, K., Coles, A. and Smith, H. (1998) ‘Science in the Market
Place: The Role of the Scientific Entrepreneur’, in W. During
and R. Oakey (eds), New Technology Based Firms in the 1990s,
London: Paul Chapman.
Enterprise Strategy Group (2004) Ahead of the Curve: Ireland’s
Place in the Global Economy, Dublin: Forfás.
ERINI (2004) A Response to ‘Higher Education in Northern
Ireland’, Belfast: Economic Research Council of Northern
Etzkowitz, H. (2003a) ‘The European Entrepreneurial University:
An Alternative to the US Model’, Industry and Higher
Education, October 2003, pp. 325–335.
Etzkowitz, H. (2003b) ‘Research Groups as “Quasi-Firms”: The
Invention of the Entrepreneurial University’, Research Policy,
Vol. 32, No. 1, pp. 109–121.
Expertiseireland (2005) The Island’s Knowledge Portal, available
at: <http://www.expertiseireland.com> [accessed June
Fitzsimons, P., Hart, M. and McGloin, E. (2004) Entrepreneurship
on the Island of Ireland 2003, Newry: InterTradeIreland.
Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P.
and Trow, M. (1994) The New Production of Knowledge,
Guth, W.D. and Ginsberg, A. (1990) ‘Corporate Entrepreneurship’,
Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 11, No. 5, pp. 5–15.
THE I R I S H JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT 75
Henry, C., Hill, F. and Leitch, C. (2003) Entrepreneurship
Education and Training, Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
Hytti, U. and Kuopusjarvi, P. (2004) Evaluating and Measuring
Entrepreneurship and Enterprise Education, Turku: Small
InterTradeIreland (2004) All-Island Directory of Information
Sources, Newry: InterTradeIreland.
Jones-Evans, D. (1997) ‘Universities, Technology Transfer and
Spin-off Activities: Academic Entrepreneurship in Different
European Regions’, Targeted Socio-Economic Research Project
No. 1042, University of Glamorgan.
Kao, R.W., Kao, K.R. and Kao, R.R. (2002) Entrepreneurism: A
Philosophy and Sensible Alternative to the Market Economy,
London: Imperial College Press.
Lambert, R. (2003) Business–University Collaboration, Norwich:
Meyer, M. (2003) ‘Academic Entrepreneurs or Entrepreneurial
Academics’, R&D Management, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 107–115.
Miles, M.P. and Covin, J.G. (2002) ‘Exploring the Practice of
Corporate Venturing: Some Common Forms and Their Organisational
Implications’, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,
Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 21–40.
Neck, H.M., Meyer, G.D., Cohen, B. and Corbett, A.C. (2004)
‘An Entrepreneurial System View of New Venture Creation’,
Journal of Small Business Management, Vol. 42, No. 2,
Pinchot, G. (1986) Intrapreneuring, New York, NY: Harper &
Rothwell, R. (1992) ‘Successful Industrial Innovation: Critical
Success Factors for the 1990s’, R&D Management, Vol. 22,
No. 3, pp. 221–239.
Shane, S. (2004) Academic Entrepreneurship, Cheltenham: Edward
Sharma, P. and Chrisman, J.J. (1999) ‘Towards a Reconciliation of
the Definitional Issues in the Field of Corporate Entrepreneurship’,
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 23, No. 3,
76 Academy Entrepreneurship on the Island of Ireland
Skilbeck, M. (2001) The University Challenged: A Review of
International Trends and Issues with Particular Reference to
Ireland, Dublin: Higher Education Authority.
Tidd, J., Bessant, J. and Pavitt, K. (2005) Managing Innovation,
Weick, K.E. (1995) Sensemaking in Organisations, Thousand Oaks,
CA: Sage Publications.