Academic Values and English Higher Education

Rosalind Pritchard

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


    This chapter asks how British academic values, some of them native to universities in the United Kingdom, can expect to deal effectively with managerialist plans and policies. It claims that transmission of Humboldtian ideas is a way forward. It dissects Humboldt's three "unities", then offers an analysis of Bildung -- the general idea of what makes a person aesthetically, socially, and morally "educated". A transmuted, but well-founded, version of Humboldt's and FIchte's educational schemens may strengthen the British university's idea of itself; and it is high time to do this work, as the move to "marketisation" gathers force in the United Kingdom.
    Original languageEnglish
    Place of PublicationFRANKFURT AM MAIN
    PublisherPeter Lang
    ISBN (Print)978-3-631-66275-5
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017

    Bibliographical note

    Reference text: Anrich, E., ed. (1956). Die Idee der deutschen Universität [The Idea of the German University]. Darmstadt: Hermann Gentner.
    Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (2010). Available at (Retrieved on 31 May 2014).
    Böning, E., K. Roeloffs (1970). Three Universities: Aachen, Bochum, Konstanz: Case Studies on Innovation in Higher Education. Paris: OECD.
    Burckhart, H. (2014). “The Impact of the Introduction of Bachelor and Master Degrees: The German Case”. European Universities Annual Conference. April 3-4. Brussels, Belgium.
    Cowan, M., ed. (1963). Humanist Without Portfolio: An Anthology of the Writings of Wilhelm von Humboldt. Detroit: Wayne State University.
    Crawford, C., W. Jin (2014). “Payback Time? Student Debt and Loan Repayments: What Will the 2012 Reforms Mean for Graduates?” IFS Report R93 for the Sutton Trust. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    Crawford, C., R. Crawford, W. Jin (2014). “Estimating the Public Cost of Student Loans”. IFS Report R94 for Universities UK. London: Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    Deutsches Studentenwerk (2017). Studiengebühren [ Tuition fees]. Available at (accessed 31 May 2017).
    Dyson, K. (1980). The State Tradition in Western Europe. Oxford: Martin Robertson.
    Estermann, T., T. Nokkala, M. Steinel (2011). “University Autonomy in Europe II: The Scorecard”. European University Association. Available at (accessed 23 August 2014).
    Fichte, J. G. (1956). “Deduzierter Plan einer zu Berlin zu errichtenden höheren Lehranstalt [Suggested plan for a higher educational institution to be built in Berlin]”. In: E. Anrich (ed.), Die Idee der deutschen Universität [The Idea of the German University]. Darmstadt: Hermann Gentner. 125-217. Original work published 1807.
    Gill, J. (2013). “Prophet Didn’t See It Coming”. Times Higher Education . Editorial. 19 September 2013. 5.
    Grove, J. (2012) “Stressed Academics are Ready to Blow in Pressure-Cooker Culture”. Times Higher Education. 4 October 2012. 11.
    Grove, J. (2013a). “ABB Equivalent, Post-92s Jubilant”. Times Higher Education. 26 September 2013. 7.
    Grove, J. (2013b) “Be your own Boss: not at Post-92s, survey finds”. Times Higher Education. 7 March 2013. 18.
    Grove, J. (2014a). “Marked Difference: Gripes About Assessment Grow as Fee Levels Rise”. Times Higher Education. 23 January 2014. 11.
    Grove, J. (2014b). “UUK Review to Look at Nine-Month Contracts”. Times Higher Education. 3 April 2014. 8.
    Hazelkorn, E. (2011). Rankings and the Reshaping of Higher Education: the Battle for World Class Excellence. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
    HESA (Higher Education Statistical Agency) (2014) International students: Non-UK domiciled students studying in the UK. Available at (retrieved on 31 May 2017).
    Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) (2013). “Policy for Addressing Unsatisfactory Quality in Institutions: Outcomes of Consultation”. Circular letter 29. October. Bristol and London: HEFCE.
    Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) (2014). Higher Education in England 2014. Bristol and London: HEFCE.
    Higher Education Policy Institute (HEPI)/ Higher Education Authority (2014). The Student Academic Experience Survey 2014. Oxford: HEPI.
    Her Majesty’s Treasury (2010). Spending Review, Cm 7942. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.
    Hochschulrektorenkonferenz (HRK) (2013). “European Study Reform: Recommendation of the 15th General Meeting of the German Rectors' Conference (HRK)”. Report of meeting held in Karlsruhe. 19 November 2013.
    Holt, T. (2014). “Innovation’s Core Values”. Times Higher Education. 9 January 2014. 28.
    Hotson, H. (2012). Do British Universities Need “Radical Reform”? Lecture given at University College, London. 11 January 2012.
    Hotson, H. (2014). U-turn of the Century. Times Higher Education. 13 February 2014. 36-39. Available at (retrieved on 22 June 2015).
    ICEF Monitor ICEF Monitor (2016) Germany’s International Enrolment. Available at (Retrieved on 31 May 2017).

    Jump, P. (2014a). “Narrower Horizons? Not At All, Say AHRC and ESRC”. Times Higher Education. 8 August 2014. 9.
    Jump, P. (2014b). “The Ayes Have It: Alarm at Spike in NSS ‘Yea-Sayers’”. Times Higher Education. 3 July 2014. 8.
    Karlsen, J. E., R. M. O. Pritchard (2013). Resilient Universities: Confronting Challenges in a Changing World. Oxford: Peter Lang.
    Karran, T. (2009). Academic Freedom in Europe: Time for a Magna Charta? Higher Education Policy. Vol. 22. 163-189.
    Leibfried, S., ed. (2010). Die Exzellenzinitiative: Zwischenbilanz und Perspektiven [The Excellence Initiative: The Halfway Mark and the Future]. Frankfurt and New York: Campus.
    Lenzen, D. (2002). “Universitas. Nicht ohne Medizin. Eine kleine Geschichte der Universität [Universitas: Not Without Medicine. A Short History of the University]”. Forschung und Lehre. Vol. 4 (April). 189-190.
    Lenzen, D. (2014). “Bologna hat den Bildungsauftrag der Universität zerstört [Bologna has destroyed the educational mission of the university]”. Forschung und Lehre. Vol. 6 (June). 421. Available at &x=6&y=7 (accessed 11 August 2014).
    Leadership Foundation for Higher Education and UK Higher Education International Unit (2013). “Horizon Scanning: What will Higher Education Look Like in 2020?” The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education. 25 September 2013.
    Magna Charta Universitatum. Available at (accessed 11 October 2014).
    Marginson, S. (2014). “There’s Still No Such Thing as a Higher Education Market”. Times Higher Education. 10 April 2014. 28-29.
    McClelland, C. E. (1980). State, Society and University in Germany 1700-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    McGettigan, A. (2013). The Great University Gamble. London: Pluto Press.
    Meehan-Schmidt, F. (2014). “Germany Lays out the Welcome Mat for Foreign Students”. Times Higher Education, 16 January 2014. 18-19.
    Norton, R. E. (1995). The Beautiful Soul: Morality in the Eighteenth Century. Ithaca and London: Cambridge University Press.
    National Student Survey (2013). ‘UK review of the Provision of Information About Higher Education: National Student Survey Results and Trends Analysis 2005-2013’. Ref. 2014/13. Bristol and London: HEFCE.
    OECD (2013). Education at a Glance. Paris: OECD.
    Paletschek, S. (2001). “Verbreitete sich ein ‚Humboldt’sches Modell’ an den deutschen Universitäten im 19. Jahrhundert? [Did a Humboldtian Model Spread in 19th Century German Universities?]”. In: R. C. Schwinges (ed.), Humboldt international. Der Export des deutschen Universitätsmodells im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert [Humboldt International: The Export of the German University Model in the 19th and 20th Centuries]. Basel: Schwabe. 75-104.
    Paletschek, S. (2002). “Die Erfindung der Humboldtschen Universität. Die Konstruktion der deutschen Universitätsidee in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts [The Invention of the Humboldtian University: The Construction of the German University Idea in the First Half of the 20th Century]”. Historische Anthropologie. Vol.10. No. 2. 183-205.
    Pells, R. Number of EU Students Applying to UK universities falls by 7% since Brexit. The Independent, 2.2.2017. Available at (retrieved on 31 May 2017).
    Peters, M. A. (2007). Knowledge Economy, Development and the Future of Higher Education. Rotterdam and Taipei: Sense.
    Pritchard, R. M. O. (1990). The End of Elitism? The Democratisation of the West German University System. New York and Oxford: Berg.
    Pritchard, R. M. O. (1994). “Government Power in British Higher Education”. Studies in Higher Education. Vol. 19. No. 3. 253-265.
    Pritchard, R. M. O. (1998). “Academic Freedom and Autonomy in the United Kingdom and Germany”. Minerva. Vol. 36. No. 2. 101-124.
    Pritchard, R. M. O. (2013). “Higher Education in a Competitive World: The New British Regime”. In: J. E. Carlsen and R. M. O. Pritchard (eds.), Resilient Universities: Confronting Challenges in a Changing World. Oxford: Peter Lang. 116-147.
    Rabinow, P., ed. (1984). The Foucault Reader. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
    Russell Group Research Selectivity (n.d.) The Concentration of Research Funding in the UK: Driving Excellence and Competing Globally. London: Russell Group.
    Schelling, F. W. J. (1956). “Vorlesung: Über den absoluten Begriff der Wissenschaft [Lecture: On the Absolute Concept of Science]”. In: E. Anrich (ed.), Die Idee der deutschen Universität [The Idea of the German University]. Darmstadt: Hermann Gentner. 3-12. Original work published 1802.
    Schelsky, H. (1963). Einsamkeit und Freiheit: Idee und Gestalt der deutschen Universität und ihrer Reformen [Solitude and Freedom: Idea and Shape of the German university and Its Reform]. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt.
    Schleiermacher, F. (1956). “Gelegentliche Gedanken über Universitäten im deutschen Sinn [Occasional Thoughts on the German Idea of the University]”. In: E. Anrich (ed.), Die Idee der deutschen Universität [The Idea of the German University]. Darmstadt: Hermann Gentner. 219-308. Original work published 1808.
    Simpson, R. (1983). How the PhD Came to Britain. Guilford: Society for Research into Higher Education.
    Spranger, E. (1910). Über das Wesen der Universität [On the Nature of the University]. Leipzig: Dürr.
    Times Higher Education Supplement (2012/2013/2014/2016). World University Rankings.
    Times Higher Education Supplement (2014). “Germany: Iversity Reaches the Half-Million Mark”. 27 February 2014. 16.
    Times Higher Education Student Experience Survey 2013 (2013). “Student Satisfaction: What Matters Most to Undergraduates?” Times Higher Education. 25 April 2013.
    UUK (Universities UK) Response to HESA 2015–16 student data. Available at
    (Retrieved on 31 May 2017).

    University and College Union (2010). Universities at Risk. London: UCU.
    University and College Union (2012a). Choice Cuts: How Choice has Declined in Higher Education. UK Course Provision 2006-2012. London: UCU.
    University and College Union (2012b). National Occupational Stress Survey. London: UCU.
    von Humboldt, W. (1956). “Über die innere und äussere Organisation der höheren wissenschaftlichen Anstalten in Berlin [On the Internal and External Organization of Higher Education Institutions in Berlin]”. In: E. Anrich (ed.), Die Idee der deutschen Universität [The Idea of the German University]. Darmstadt: Hermann Gentner. 375-386. Original work published 1808/10.
    Whitchurch, C., G. Gordon, eds. (2010). Academic and Professional Identities in Higher Education: The Challenges of a Diversifying Workforce. New York and London: Routledge.
    Wilson, E. O. (1998) Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. London: Little and Brown.
    WUR (World University Rankings) (2016/17) WUR 2016-17 Available at!/page/0/length/25/locations/GB/sort_by/rank/sort_order/asc/cols/stats. Retrieved on 31 May 2017).


    • FEES


    Dive into the research topics of 'Academic Values and English Higher Education'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this