Since the beginning of the Troubles, alternative forms of justice have emerged in many working class areas of Northern Ireland. Such justice operates outside the formal state system and is undertaken by paramilitaries. This article explores the nature of this informal justice including an identification of activities liable for 'punishment', the procedures involved and the types of 'punishment' meted out. Moreover, this article examines the pattern of paramilitary 'punishments' in the pre- and post cease fire periods.
- Northern Ireland
- informal justice