Objective: Despite increasing levels of research evidencebeing generated in palliative care, there appear to be severalbarriers to the implementation of research in practice.The aim of this project was to review knowledge transferand exchange (KTE) frameworks used in health settingsand assess their relevance to palliative care.Methods: In line with PRISMA guidelines, a systematicscoping review was developed to search articles included insix electronic databases (including MEDLINE, EMBASE,CINAHL and PsycINFO) for four terms (knowledge, transfer,framework, healthcare) and their variations.Results: The search identified 4288 abstracts, with 294eligible for full-text screening, resulting in 79 papers analysed.Studies were published between 1985 and 2014 (twothirds since 2006); the majority were conducted in North America. In total 87 models were indicated, with the PromotingAction on Research Implementation in Health ServicesFramework (PARIHS) being the most common (n =15).The key components of the models include a partnershipor collaborative approach to KTE, focus on the needsof the audience, and an awareness of different modes ofcommunication. The papers were appraised for relevanceto the palliative care and it was found that the study or thetarget population were relevant in many of the papers. Thecomponents most relevant to palliative care were used toestablish a proposed model of KTE for palliative care.Conclusions: The model offers guidance as to effectiveways of translating different types of research knowledgeto care providers and stakeholders, and could be utilised inhospital, community and home based settings as well as toinform future research. It is recommended that researchersadopt this model of KTE for palliative care in futureresearch to ensure that research is conducted with knowledgetransfer in mind.
- knowledge transfer and exchange