Clubhead presentation and spin control capability of elite golfers

Tom W. Corke, Nils F. Betzler, Eric S. Wallace, Steve R. Otto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The current study aimed to establish whether or not elite amateur golfers are able to manipulate the magnitude of spin imparted on short iron shots whilst maintaining the same total shot distance. Seven elite male golfers were each asked to hit ten 'normal’ 9-iron shots, followed by ten with less spin and ten with more spin whilst not changing distance relative to the ‘normal’ shots. A passive-marker motion-capture system and Doppler radar devise were used to track clubhead presentation and ball flight respectively. ANOVA revealed that, as a group, players were able to significantly reduce spin relative to the ‘normal’ shots without affecting distance, but were unable to increase spin. Greater variability was seen amongst shots whereby players were attempting to influence spin. A subsequent regression analysis revealed that clubhead speed, spin loft and vertical impact location significantly contributed to the prediction of spin, whereas horizontal impact location and face-to-path angle did not.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
PublisherElsevier
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 May 2013
Event6th Asia-Pacific Congress on Sports Technology (APCST) - Hong Kong
Duration: 27 May 2013 → …

Conference

Conference6th Asia-Pacific Congress on Sports Technology (APCST)
Period27/05/13 → …

Bibliographical note

Reference text: [1] Bearman, P. W., & Harvey, J. K. (1976). Golf Ball Aerodynamics. Aeronautical Quarterly, 27, 112 122.
[2] Smits, A. J., & Smith, D. R. (1994). A new aerodynamic model of a golf ball in flight. In A. J. Cochran & M. R. Farrally (Eds.), Science and Golf II (pp. 340 347). Presented at the World Scientific Congress of Golf, St Andrews, Scotland.
[3] Miura, K. (2002). Mapping Clubhead to Ball Impact and Estimating Trajectory. In E. Thain (Ed.), Science and Golf IV (pp. 490 500). Presented at the World Scientific Congress of Golf, St Andrews, Scotland.
[4] Roh, W.-J., & Lee, C.-W. (2010). Golf Ball Landing, Bounce and Roll on Turf. In Procedia Engineering 2 (pp. 3237 3242). Presented at the 8th Conference of the International Sports Engineering Association, Elsevier.
[5] Haake, S. J. (1994). Golf ball impacts, greens and the golfer. In A. J. Cochran & M. R. Farrally (Eds.), Science and Golf II (pp. 431 436). Presented at the World Scientific Congress of Golf, St Andrews, Scotland.
[6] Arakawa, K., Mada, T., Komatsu, H., Shimizu, T., Satou, M., Takehara,, K., & Etoh, G. (2006). Dynamic Contact Behavior of a Golf Ball During an Oblique Impact. Experimental Mechanics, 46, 691 697.
[7] Lieberman, B. B. (1990). The effect of impact conditions on golf ball spin-rate. In A. J. Cochran (Ed.), Science and Golf (pp. 225 230). Presented at the World Scientific Congress of Golf, St Andrews, Scotland.
[8] Chou, P. C., Liang, D., Yang, J., & Gobush, W. (1994). Contact forces, coefficient of restitution, and spin rate of golf ball impact. In A. J. Cochran & M. R. Farrally (Eds.), Science and Golf II (pp. 296 301). Presented at the World Scientific Congress of Golf, St Andrews, Scotland.
[9] Monk, S. A., Davis, C. L., Otto, S. R., & Strangwood, M. (2005). Material and surface effects on the spin and launch angle generated from a wedge/ball interaction in golf. Sports Engineering, 8, 3 11
[10] The R&A, & USGA. (2007). Second Report on the Study of Spin Generation (Online Equipment Notice). Retrieved from
http://www.randa.org/en/Equipment/Equipment-Notices.aspx
[11] Betzler, N. F., Monk, S. A., Wallace, E. S., & Otto, S. R. (2012). Variability in clubhead presentation characteristics and ball impact location for golfers' drives. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30(5), 439 448

Keywords

  • Golf
  • iron
  • spin
  • distance
  • control
  • clubhead presentation
  • impact location.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Clubhead presentation and spin control capability of elite golfers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this