Background: Neurotensin receptor activation augments the biosctivity of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). JMV-449, a C-terminal neurotensin-like fragment with a reduced peptide bond, represents a neurotensin receptor agonist. Methods: The present study assessed the actions of JMV-449 on pancreatic beta-cells alone, and in combination with GIP and GLP-1. Further studies examined the impact of JMV-449 and incretin mimetics on glucose homeostasis and appetite control in mice. Results: JMV-449 was resistant to plasma enzyme degradation and induced noticeable dose-dependent insulin-releasing actions in BRIN-BD11 beta-cells. In combination with either GIP or GLP-1, JMV-449 augmented (P < 0.05) the insulinotropic actions of both hormones, as well as enhancing (P < 0.001) insulin secretory activity of both incretin peptides. JMV-449 also increased beta-cell proliferation and induced significant benefits on beta-cell survival in response to cytokine-induced apoptosis. JMV-449 (25 nmol/kg) inhibited (P < 0.05-P < 0.001) food intake in overnight fasted lean mice, and enhanced (P < 0.01) the appetite supressing effects of an enzymatically stable GLP-1 mimetic. When injected co-jointly with glucose, JMV-449 evoked glucose lowering actions, but more interestingly significantly augmented (P < 0.05) the glucose lowering effects of established long-acting GIP and GLP-1 receptor mimetics. In terms of glucose-induced insulin secretion, only GIP receptor signalling was associated with increases in insulin concentrations, and this was not enhanced by JMV-449. Conclusion: JMV-449 is a neurotensin receptor agonist that positively augments key aspects of the biological action profile of GIP and GLP-1. General significance: These observations emphasise the, yet untapped, therapeutic potential of combined neurotensin and incretin receptor signalling for diabetes.
- Insulin secretion