Critical difference applied to exercise-induced oxidative stress: the dilemma of distinguishing biological from statistical change

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Even though intense exercise has traditionally been associated with a statistically significant accumulation of blood-borne biomarkers of free radical-mediated lipid peroxidation, it remains to be determined if the oxidative stress response is biologically significant. To examine biological significance, we calculated the critical difference of selected biomarkers of oxidants–antioxidants in the peripheral circulation of ten male subjects aged 24±3 years. Venous blood was drawn in the resting supine position every hour over an 8-h period (Study 1). As proof-of-concept, supine venous blood was also obtained at rest and following maximal cycling exercise in a separate group of 13 males, mean age 22±3 years (Study 2). The critical difference of electron paramagnetic resonance spintrapped alkoxyl free radicals, lipid hydroperoxides, malondialdehyde, ascorbic acid, retinol, lycopene, α-tocopherol, β-carotene and α-carotene was calculated as 121%, 28%, 50%, 9%, 29%, 106%, 13%, 28% and 107%, respectively (Study 1). Maximal exercise wasassociated with a statistically significant (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-384
JournalJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2012

Bibliographical note

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