Exercise and physical activity are fundamental in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). The underlying mechanisms through which exercise in particular can mediate its effects have been well studied and include, but is not limited to, changes in the vascular nitric oxide pathway, leading to a reduction in pathological vasoconstriction and enhanced endothelial function. The harmful effects of many risk factors for CVD such as hypertension, dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance and obesity, can be mitigated by regular exercise. The majority of the UAE adult population currently are sedentary, and perhaps even more noteworthy is that only 16% of young adults achieve the recommended amounts of physical activity. This lack of physical activity contributes the growing increases in obesity, diabetes, as well as premature CVD in the UAE. Whilst there are few studies examining the impact of physical activity on health specifically within a UAE population, there is a rapid need for of studies focused on generating quantitative data sets. This, and also genetic and epigenetic based studies, would greatly contribute towards an enhanced and holistic understanding of CVD in the UAE population.
|Title of host publication||Healthcare in the Arab world|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2 Jul 2019|
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- Physical Activity
- Sedentary Behavior
- United Arab Emirates
- Cardiovascular disease