High intensity interval training combined with vibration and dietary restriction improves body composition and blood lipids in obese adults. A randomized trial.

Borja Sanudo, Tamara Munoz, Gareth Davison, Guillermo Lopez-Lluch, Jesus del Pozo-Cruz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This study aimed to compare the effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) with additional whole-body vibration (WBV) on body composition and lipid profile in obese/overweight adults on a hypocaloric diet. Forty adults were randomly assigned to (a) HIIT and vibration and hypocaloric diet (HIITWBV, n ¼ 13), (b) HIIT and diet (HIIT, n ¼ 14), and (c) diet only (control [CON],
n ¼ 13). High-intensity interval training WBV participants trained 3 times per week for 8 weeks (6 sets 1 minute of HIIT, cycling at 90% heart rate peak followed by 1 minute of interset vibration, at a frequency of 18 Hz increasing until 25 Hz with a peak-topeak displacement of 4 mm. Training volume increased 1 set every 2 weeks until 10 sets). The HIIT group performed HIIT training followed by 2 minutes of passive recovery, while the CON continued with their daily activities combined with calorie restriction.
Body composition (body fat and fat-free mass) and biochemical indices (glucose, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides) were determined. Following 8 weeks, body fat was significantly reduced by 7.5% and both triglycerides and total cholesterol decreased in the HIITWBV group only (16.5% and 11.7% respectively). This study suggests that HIIT in combination with WBV and a hypocaloric diet can improve overall lipid profile in overweight/obese individuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

1. Adams KF, Schatzkin A, Harris TB, et al. Overweight, obesity, and mortality in a large prospective cohort of persons 50 to 71 years old. N Engl J Med. 2006;355(8):763-778.
2. Colberg SR, Sigal RJ, Fernhall B, et al. Exercise and type 2 diabetes: the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Diabetes Association: joint position statement. Diabetes Care. 2010;33(12):e147-e167.
3. Kelley GA, Kelley KS, Roberts S, Haskell W. Comparison of aerobic exercise, diet or both on lipids and lipoproteins in adults: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clin Nutr. 2012; 31(2):156-167.
4. Bellia A, Sallı` M, Lombardo M, et al. Effects of whole body vibration plus diet on insulin-resistance in middle-aged obese subjects. Int J Sports Med. 2013;35(6):511-516.
5. Milanese C, Piscitelli F, Simoni C, Pugliarello R, Zancanaro C. Effects of whole-body vibration with or without localized radiofrequency on anthropometry, body composition, and motor performance in young nonobese women. J Altern Complement Med. 2012;18(1):69-75.
6. Trost SG, Owen N, Bauman AE, Sallis JF, Brown W. Correlates of adults’ participation in physical activity: review and update. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002;34(12):1996-2001.
7. Boyd JC, Simpson CA, Jung ME, Gurd BJ. Reducing the intensity and volume of interval training diminishes cardiovascular adaptation but not mitochondrial biogenesis in overweight/obese men. Plos One. 2013;8(7):e68091.
8. Vissers D, Hens W, Taeymans J, Baeyens JP, Poortmans J, Van
Gaal L. The effect of exercise on visceral adipose tissue in overweight adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Plos One. 2013;8(2):e56415.
9. Marandi SM, Abadi NG, Esfarjani F, Mojtahedi H, Ghasemi G.
Effects of intensity of aerobics on body composition and blood lipid profile in obese/overweight females. Int J Prev Med. 2013; 4(suppl 1):S118-S125.
10. Tjønna AE, Lee SJ, Rognmo Ø, et al. Aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise as a treatment for the metabolic syndrome: a pilot study. Circulation. 2008;118(4): 346Y54.
11. O’Donovan G, Owen A, Bird SR, et al. Changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and coronary heart disease risk factors following 24 wk of moderate- or high-intensity exercise of equal energy cost. J Appl Physiol. 2005;98(5):1619-1625.
12. Irving BA, Davis CK, Brock DW, et al. Effect of exercise training
intensity on abdominal visceral fat and body composition. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40(11):1863-1872.
13. Gibala MJ, Little JP, Macdonald MJ, Hawley JA. Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease. J Physiol. 2012;590(5):1077-1084.
14. Gillen JB, Percival ME, Ludzki A, Tarnopolsky MA, Gibala MJ. Interval training in the fed or fasted state improves body composition and muscle oxidative capacity in overweight women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2013;21(11):2249-2255.
15. Nam SS, Sunoo S, Park HY, Moon HW. The effects of long-term whole-body vibration and aerobic exercise on body composition and bone mineral density in obese middle-aged women. J Exerc Nutrition Biochem. 2016;20(2):19-27.
16. Fjeldstad C, Palmer IJ, Bemben MG, Bemben DA. Whole-body vibration augments resistance training effects on body composition in postmenopausal women. Maturitas. 2009;63(1):79-83.
17. Figueroa A, Kalfon R, Takudzwa A, Madzima B, Wong A, Madzima TA. Whole-body vibration exercise training reduces arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women with prehypertension and hypertension. Menopause. 2016;21(2):131-136.
18. Tapp LR, Signorile JF. Efficacy of WBV as a modality for inducing changes in body composition, aerobic fitness, and muscular strength: a pilot study. Clinic Interv Aging. 2014;9:63-72.
19. Park SY, Son WM, Kwon OS. Effects of whole body vibration training on body composition, skeletal muscle strength, and cardiovascular health. J Exerc Rehabil. 2015;11(6):289-295.
20. Cristi-Montero C, Cuevas MJ, Collado PS. Whole-body vibration training as complement to programs aimed at weight loss. Nutr Hosp. 2013;28(5):1365-1371.
21. Reijne AC, Ciapaite J, van Dijk TH, et al. Whole-body vibration partially reverses aging-induced increases in visceral adiposity and hepatic lipid storage in mice. Plos One. 2016;11(2):e0149419.
22. Maddalozzo GF, Iwaniec UT, Turner RT, Rosen CJ, Widrick JJ. Whole-body vibration slows the acquisition of fat in mature female rats. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008;32(9):1348-1354.
23. Di Loreto C, Ranchelli A, Lucidi P, et al. Effects of whole-body vibration exercise on the endocrine system of healthy men. J Endocrinol Invest. 2004;27(4):323-327.
24. San˜udo B, Alfonso-Rosa R, Del Pozo-Cruz B, Del Pozo-Cruz J, Galiano D, Figueroa A. Whole body vibration training improves leg blood flow and adiposity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113(9):2245-2252.
25. Dadson P, Ferrannini E, Landini L, et al. Fatty acid uptake and blood flow in adipose tissue compartments of morbidly obese subjects with or without type 2 diabetes: effects of bariatric surgery. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2017;313(2):E175-E182.
26. Vissers D, Verrijken A, Mertens I, et al. Effect of long-term whole body vibration training on visceral adipose tissue: a preliminary report. Obes Facts. 2010;3(2):93-100.
27. Meeuwsen S, Horgan GW, EliaM. The relationship between BMI and percent body fat, measured by bioelectrical impedance, in a large adult sample is curvilinear and influenced by age and sex. Clin Nutr. 2010;29(5):560-566.
28. Cohen J. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Rev. ed. 1988. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
29. Paoli A, Pacelli QF, Moro T, et al. Effects of high-intensity circuit training, low-intensity circuit training and endurance training on blood pressure and lipoproteins in middle-aged overweight men. Lipids Health Dis. 2013;12:131.
30. Wilms B, Frick J, Ernst B, Mueller R, Wirth B, Schultes B. Whole body vibration added to endurance training in obese women—a pilot study. Int J Sports Med. 2012;33(9):740-743.
31. Gremeaux V, Drigny J, Nigam A, et al. Long-term lifestyle intervention with optimized high-intensity interval training improves body composition, cardiometabolic risk, and exercise parameters in patients with abdominal obesity. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2012; 91(11):941-950.
32. Hosseinpanah F, Barzin M, Mirmiran P, Azizi F. Effect of changes in waist circumference on metabolic syndrome over a 6.6-year follow-up in Tehran. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64(8):879-886.
33. Holloszy JO, Kohrt WM, Hansen PA. The regulation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism during and after exercise. Front Biosci. 1998;3:D1011-D1027.
34. Pritzlaff CJ, Wideman L, Blumer J, et al. Catecholamine release, growth hormone secretion, and energy expenditure during exercise vs. recovery in men. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2000;89(3):937-946.
35. Botero JP, Prado WL, Guerra RL, et al. Does aerobic exercise intensity affect health-related parameters in overweight women? Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2013;34(2):138-142.
36. Cochrane DJ. Is vibration exercise a useful addition to a weight management program? Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012;22(6): 705-713.
37. Heydari M, Freund J, Boutcher SH. The effect of high-intensity intermittent exercise on body composition of overweight young males. J Obes. 2012;2015:480467.
38. von Stengel S, Kemmler W, Engelke K, Kalender WA. Effect of whole-body vibration on neuromuscular performance and body composition for females 65 years and older: a randomizedcontrolled trial. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2012;22(1):119-127.
39. Roelants M, Delecluse C, Goris M, Verschueren S. Effects of 24 weeks of whole body vibration training on body composition and muscle strength in untrained females. Int J SportsMed. 2004;25:1-5.
40. Berggren JR, Boyle KE, Chapman WH, Houmard JA. Skeletal muscle lipid oxidation and obesity: influence of weight loss and exercise. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2008;294(4): E726-E732.
41. Racil G, Ben Ounis O, Hammouda O, et al. Effects of high vs. moderate exercise intensity during interval training on lipids and adiponectin levels in obese young females. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2013;113(10):2531-2540.
42. Goto K, Takamatsu K. Hormone and lipolytic responses to whole
body vibration in young men. Jpn J Physiol. 2003;55(5):279-284.


  • Interval training
  • high intensity
  • whole-body vibration
  • body fat


Dive into the research topics of 'High intensity interval training combined with vibration and dietary restriction improves body composition and blood lipids in obese adults. A randomized trial.'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this