The concept of a rights-based approach to development has evolved as part of the UN Programme for Reform that was launched in 1997, when the Secretary-General called on all entities of the UN system to mainstream human rights into their various activities and programmes1. Gradually a number of UN2, bilateral agencies3 and international NGOs4 have made a rights-based approach to development programming a priority and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) has developed draft guidelines for the integration of human rights into poverty reduction strategies, including targets and strategies for education (OHCHR 2002). Essentially a human rights-based approach to programming draws attention to the legal commitments of 'duty bearers' to 'rights holders' (Theis 2004) and provides a stronger focus on accountability, and the participation and inclusion of poor, vulnerable and minority groups.
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- human rights education
- peace process
- Northern Ireland
- Northern Ireland conflict