TiO2 powder was immobilised on solid support substrates (stainless steel, titanium alloy, titanium metal, and tin oxide coated glass) using electrophoretic coating and spray coating. Electrochemical anodisation of titanium metal was also carried out to give a thin film of TiO2 on the surface. The coated substrates were annealed in air at elevated temperatures to improve the adhesion of the catalyst to the supporting substrates. The photocatalytic efficiency of the TiO2 coatings was compared using the degradation of phenol in aqueous solution as a standard test system. In the case of the powder derived films, the photocatalytic efficiency was found not to be markedly dependent upon either the substrate used or the annealing temperature employed in the coating process. Surface analysis of the immobilised TiO2 showed no significant differences in the elemental composition or in band gap energies. The electrophoretic coating method was found to be the most reproducible resulting in highly fractured thick films with high photocatalytic activity. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Journal||APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1998|
- titanium dioxide
- water treatment