There is mounting evidence that elevated circulating concentrations of glycated insulin play a role in insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated the secretion of glycated insulin in response to enteral stimulation in type 2 diabetic subjects. Following a mixed meal (450 kcal; 44% carbohydrate; 40% fat; 16% protein), glycated insulin rose 10-fold to peak (60 min) at 104.5 +/- 25.0 pmol/l (p <0.001), representing 22% total circulating insulin. The response paralleled early rises in insulin and C-peptide, which peaked at 90 min and were more protracted. Maximum glucose concentrations were observed at 50 min. These data indicate that type 2 diabetic subjects exhibit a rapid meal-induced release of glycated insulin from readily releasable pancreatic beta-cell stores, which might contribute to impaired glucose homeostasis following enteral nutrition.