Conductive microneedle patches consisting of carbon nanoparticles embedded in a polystyrene matrix have been prepared using micro-moulding techniques. The interfacial properties of the structures before and after electrochemical etching have been characterised using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and contact angle. Anodisation of the needles leads to a significant increase in oxygen functionality and is shown to dramatically improve the electroanalytical capabilities of the microneedle array. The detection of uric acid in horse blood was used as a model system through which to assess the performance of the system. The composite approach is shown to lead to viable carbon-based sensors and can offer a rapid prototype option for the development of tailored microneedle systems.