Mobile Robots and Autonomic Ambient Assisted Living

Guanitta Brady, Roy Sterritt, George Wilkie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Downloads (Pure)


The use of Smart Environments in the delivery of pervasive care is a research topic that has witnessed increasing interest in recent years. These environments aim to deliver pervasive care through ubiquitous sensing by monitoring the occupants Activities of Daily Living. In order for these environments to succeed in achieving their goal, it is crucial that sensors deployed in the environment perform faultlessly. In this research we investigate addressing anomalous sensor behavior through the utilization of a mobile robot. The robot’s role is twofold; it must provide substitution in the presence of suspected sensor faults and act as an observer of anomalous sensor behavior in order to understand the changes that occur in the behavior of sensors deployed within the environment over time. The aim of this work is to explore a paradigm shift to the use of Autonomic Ambient Assisted Living.We have discovered that the use of a mobile robot is a viable means of introducing this paradigm to a Smart Environment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-217
JournalPaladyn, Journal of Behavioral Robotics
Issue number1
Early online date29 Dec 2015
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Dec 2015

Bibliographical note

Reference text: [1] World Health Organisation, Ageing and life course, 2011
[2] The Institute for Fiscal Studies, Pressures in UK healthcare: Challenges for the NHS., 2000
[3] J.M. Robine, J.P. Michel, F.R. Hermann, (2007) Who will care for the oldest people in our ageing society? The BMJ, 2007(334), 570
[4] I. Korhonen, J.E. Bardram, Guest editorial introduction to the special section on pervasive healthcare, IEEE Transactions on Information Technology in Biomedicine, 8(2004), 229-234
[5] Ambient Assisted Living Joint Programme, Objectives, 2007
[6] U. Varshney, Pervasive healthcare, Computer, 36(2003), 138- 140
[7] R.R. Murphy, Introduction to AI robotics, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, England, MIT Press, 2000
[8] M. Pollack, S. Engberg, J.T.Matthews, S. Thrun, L. Brown, D. Colbry, C. Orosz, B. Peintner, S. Ramakrishnan, J. Dunbar-Jacob, C. McCarthy, M. Montemerlo, J. Pineau, N. Roy, Pearl: A mobile robotic assistant for the elderly, Proceedings of Workshop on Automation as Caregiver: the Role of Intelligent Technology in Elder Care (2007), 2007
[9] C.K.Y. Lai, D.G. Arthur, Wandering behaviour in people with dementia, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 44(2003), 173-182 [CrossRef]
[10] R. Preece, (2012, Oct. 7). Dementia sufferer died after being locked out of care home when he was able to wander outside in middle of the night,
[Online]. Available:
[11] S. Davies. (2013, November 4). Wife’s anger after Southampton care home unaware dementia patient has walked out,
[Online]. Available:
[12] CTV British Columbia. (2013, December 9). Family wants answers after senior leaves care home, dies outside,
[Online]. Available: senior-leaves-care-home-dies-outside-1.1582407
[13] R. Sterritt, C. Nugent, Autonomic computing and ambient assisted living - extended abstract, IEEE International Conference and Workshops on Engineering of Autonomic and Autonomous Systems, (2010), 2010, 149-151
[14] P. Horn, Autonomic computing: IBM perspective on the state of information technology, 2001
[15] R. Sterritt and D. Bustard, Towards an autonomic computing environment, Database and Expert Systems Applications (2003), 2003, 694-698.
[16] M. Hall, E. Frank, G. Holmes, B. Pfahringer, P. Reutemanm and I.H.Witten, The WEKA data mining software: an update, SIGKDD Explorations, 11(2009)
[17] A. B. Sharma, L. Golubchik, R. Govindan, Sensor faults: detection methods and prevalence in real-world datasets,ACMTransactions on Sensor Networks, 6(2010), 1-39
[18] S. Nefti, U. Manzoor, S. Manzoor, Cognitive agent based intelligent warning system to monitor patients suffering from dementia using ambient assisted living, International Conference on Information Society, (2010), 2010, 92-97
[19] G. N. Rodrigues, V. Alves, R. Silveira, L. A. Laranjeira, Dependability analysis in the Ambient Assisted Living Domain: An exploratory case study, Journal of Systems Software, 85(2012), 112-131
[20] A. Tapus, C. Tapus, M. J. Mataric, The use of socially assistive robots in the design of intelligent cognitive therapies for people with dementia, IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics (2009), 2009, 924-929
[21] J. Nehmer, M. Becker, A. Karshmer, R. Lamm, Living assistance systems: An ambient intelligence approach, Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Software Engineering (2006, Shanghai, China), 2006, 43-50


  • smart environment
  • mobile robots
  • anomalous sensors
  • autonomic computing
  • sensor substitution
  • ambient assisted living


Dive into the research topics of 'Mobile Robots and Autonomic Ambient Assisted Living'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this