Performance analysis of biofuel fired trigeneration systems with energy storage for remote households

Ye Huang, Yaodong Wang, Haisheng Chen, Xingjing Zhang, JD Mondol, Nikhilkumar Shah, Neil Hewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


Technical and economic modelling and performance analysis of biofuel fired trigeneration systems equipped with energy storage for remote households were carried out. To adapt the dynamic energy demand for electricity, heating and cooling, both electrical and thermal energy storage devices were integrated to balance larger load changes. The proposed systems were modelled and simulated by using the ECLIPSE process simulation package. Based on the results achieved, technical performance and emissions from the system had been examined. The impact of electrical and thermal energy storages was also investigated. Finally, an economic evaluation of the systems was performed. It was found that for a household, the internal combustion (IC) engine based trigeneration/combined heat and power (CHP) system is more suitable for heat to electricity ratio value below 1.5 and the biomass boiler and Stirling engine based system is beneficial for heat to electricity energy demand ratio lying between 3 and 3.4. Techno-economic analysis of the modelled trigeneration systems showed efficiencies of around 64–70% and Break-even Electricity Selling Prices of around £313/MW h to £357/MW h when fired by biofuels. Results also indicated that the economic viability of this type of trigeneration systems is significantly improved by the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) and Feed-In Tariffs schemes (FITs) by up to 46%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-538
JournalApplied Energy
Issue number3
Early online date24 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2017

Bibliographical note

Reference text: [1] Tian Y, Zhao CY. A review of solar collectors and thermal energy storage in solar thermal applications. Applied Energy 2014;104:538–53.
[2] Luo Xing et al. Overview of current development in electrical energy storage technologies and the application potential in power system operation. Applied Energy 2015;137:511–36.
[3] Zhao Haoran et al. Review of energy storage system for wind power integration support. Applied Energy 2015;137:545–53.
[4] Roy Sanjoy. Performance prediction of active pitch-regulated wind turbine with short duration variations in source wind. Applied Energy 2014;114:700–8.
[5] Heinimo J, Junginger M. Production and trading of biomass for energy – an overview of the global status. Biomass Bioenergy 2009;33:1310–20.
[6] Demirbas MF et al. Biowastes-to-biofuels. Energy Convers Manage 2011;52:1815–28.
[7] Wang YD et al. Tri-generation running with raw Jatropha oil. Fuel Process Technology 2010;91(3):348–53. March-2010.
[8] Leslie AD et al. The potential for Eucalyptus as a wood fuel in the UK. Applied Energy 2012;89:176–82.
[9] McIlveen-Wright David et al. A technical and economic analysis of three large scale biomass combustion plants in the UK. Applied Energy 2013;112:396–404.
[10] Demirbas A. Political, economic and environmental impacts of biofuels: a review. Applied Energy 2009;86:S108–17.
[11] Rezavidi A, et al. Improving rural isolated diesel powered electric utility services by hybrid solar and wind energy system. In: ISES-AP – third international solar energy society conference – Asia Pacific Region (ISES-AP-08) incorporating the 46th ANZSES Conference, November 2008.
[12] DECC 2014. Energy consumption in the UK; 2014. < uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/338662/ecuk_chapter_3_domestic_factsheet.pdf>.
[13] Hussy Charlotte, et al. International comparison of fossil power efficiency and CO2 intensity – update; 2014. <>.
[14] Barbieri Enrico Saverio et al. Analysis of innovative micro-CHP systems to meet household energy demands. Applied Energy 2012;97:723–33.
[15] DELTA-Energy & Environment. The benefits of micro-CHP: a Delta-ee report produced on behalf of COGEN Europe; 2014. <http://www.cogeneurope. eu/medialibrary/2015/05/19/d6648069/miro-CHP%20study_merged.pdf>.
[16] Maraver D et al. Assessment of CCHP systems based on biomass combustion for small-scale applications through a review of the technology and analysis of energy efficiency parameters. Applied Energy 2013;102:1303–13.
[17] Department of Energy and Climate Change. Climate: observations, projections and impacts; 2011. <>.
[18] The University of Ulster. ECLIPSE process simulator. Jordanstown, Northern Ireland: Energy Research Centre; 1992.


  • Biomass
  • Techno-economic modelling
  • Trigeneration
  • Energy storage
  • Energy demand profile


Dive into the research topics of 'Performance analysis of biofuel fired trigeneration systems with energy storage for remote households'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this