Biomass may be converted to energy by enzymatic hydrolysis to monomer components and fermentative conversion of those products to ethanol for use as fuel. Both glucose and xylose in aqueous solution were directly converted to electrical energy using a liquid alkaline fuel cell (AFC) at room temperature. Hydrolysis products derived from the action of cellulase and amylase on cellulose and starch, respectively, were also used as fuels in the AFC system. We suggest that this approach may provide a more direct means of accessing some of the energy available from biomass.
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2004|