‘Public health development in the Baltic countries (1992-2005): from problems to policy’

Julia S O'Connor, Vaida Bankauskaite

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: The focus of the article is on organizational reform measures in public health in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania from 1992 to 2005 and the associated changes in population health. Methods: The study draws on published reports and analyses official statistics over time and cross-nationally. Changes in population health are measured by indicators of population health status and indicators of primary prevention or avoidable mortality, which reflect performance of national health policy. Results: Our study shows some similarities and some important differences in terms of public health development inthe Baltic countries since beginning of the 1990s. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of political stability and support in achieving public health improvements and the pervasive influence of socio-demographic factors on several key health indicators in Baltic countries. It points to the need to introduce evidence-based public health interventions, enhance social trust, address corruption and tackle poverty.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)586-592
    JournalThe European Journal of Public Health Vol 18 No. 6: 586-592
    Volume18
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008

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    Received 27 May 2008, accepted 20 September 2008
    592 European Journal of Public Health

    Keywords

    • public health
    • Estonia
    • Latvia
    • Lithuania
    • reform
    • convergence

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