Recognition of Gait Activities Using Acceleration Data from A Smartphone and A Wearable Device

Irvin Hussein Lopez-Nava, Matias Garcia-Constantino, Jesus Favela

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Activity recognition is an important task in many fields, such as ambient intelligence, pervasive healthcare, and surveillance. In particular, the recognition of human gait can be useful to identify the characteristics of the places or physical spaces, such as whether the person is walking on level ground or walking down stairs in which people move. For example, ascending or descending stairs can be a risky activity for older adults because of a possible fall, which can have more severe consequences than if it occurred on a flat surface. While portable and wearable devices have been widely used to detect Activities of Daily Living (ADLs), few research works in the literature have focused on characterizing only actions of human gait. In the present study, a method for recognizing gait activities using acceleration data obtained from a smartphone and a wearable inertial sensor placed on the ankle of people is introduced. The acceleration signals were segmented based on the automatic detection of strides, also called gait cycles. Subsequently, a feature vector of the segmented signals was extracted, which was used to train four classifiers using the Naive Bayes, C4.5, Support Vector Machines, and K-Nearest Neighbors algorithms. Data was collected from seven young subjects who performed five gait activities: (i) going down an incline, (ii) going up an incline, (iii) walking on level ground, (iv) going down stairs, and (v) going up stairs. The results demonstrate the viability of using the proposed method and technologies in ambient assisted living contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 13th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient ‪Intelligence UCAmI 2019‬
PublisherMDPI
Number of pages12
Volume31
Edition1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2019
Event13th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient ‪Intelligence UCAmI 2019 - Toledo, Spain, Toledo, Spain
Duration: 2 Dec 20195 Dec 2019
Conference number: 13
http://mamilab.esi.uclm.es/ucami2019/

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing and Ambient ‪Intelligence UCAmI 2019
Abbreviated titleUCAmI2019
CountrySpain
CityToledo
Period2/12/195/12/19
Internet address

Keywords

  • Activity Recognition
  • Human Gait
  • Smartphone
  • Wearable Sensors
  • Acceleration Data

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