Photocatalytic and photolytic disinfection of Escherichia coli in water was studied under natural sunlight using different types of photocatalyst (TiO2 P-25, PC500, Ruana and Bi2 WO6 ) at different concentrations. The solar photo-inactivation yielded complete inactivation results, which varied with the solar light intensity. Meanwhile, dark control samples in the lab (temperature constant at 25 ◦ C) remained at con- stant concentration and dark samples outside laboratory showed a decrease due to the mild solar heating occurred during the experiments.The adding of any kind of photo-catalyst to the water accelerated the bactericidal action of solar irradiation and led to complete disinfection (until detection limit). The photocatalytic disinfection efficiency was not enhanced by the increase of catalyst concentration above 0.5g/L for P-25, PC500 and Bi2WO6, where about 106 CFU/mL were completely inactivated within 5 min, 30 min and more than 150 min of solar exposure under clear sky, respectively. An increase of the concentration to 1 g/L slightly decreased the total inactivation time. Rutile (Ruana) catalyst behaves differently, optimal concentration was lower than for the other titania materials; agglomeration of particles occurred as the concentration of catalyst increases. Durability of photocatalytic treatment and chemicals analyses of inorganic anions and cations have also been investigated.
|Journal||Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry|
|Early online date||1 Dec 2013|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 1 Dec 2013|
- E. coli
- Solar Disinfection
- Bacterial inactivation