Some reflections on women's sports

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This chapter continues the discussion of themes already addressed in chapter5 by Ryan, and focuses particularly on the role of sport in identity-formation,especially as it relates to the self-conceptions and social ranking of men andwomen. The various contributions to this volume highlight other importantaspects of the sport–society relationship, such as the role that sport plays inthe production and reproduction of a national identity in times of socialconflict, as well as the historical emergence of Gaelic sports on this island.Besides that, all contributors share a common focus on a particular form ofsports: the use of a physically active body capable of competing against another,often in close physical proximity and sometimes with the requirement that acompetitor make direct physical contact with an opponent (as in combatsports such as ice-hockey, rugby football, association football or soccer, Gaelicfootball). I shall suggest, taking account of wider sociological argumentsconcerning sport and the body (e.g. Bourdieu, 1988; 1990), that sport isparticularly important in the maintenance of visible differences between maleand female bodies. This has significant implications for the development andorganisation of sports generally, and women’s sports specifically. Public andprivate financial investment in, and sponsorship of, sports depend on a highmedia profile, sporting success, public interest and support. Thus, what onemight call ‘the sporting body’ can be said to stand at the centre of an interrelatednexus of commercial, cultural, state, regional, local and individualinterests. Moreover, images and expressions of the body vary across time,space, culture and location and the ‘ideal’ Irish sporting body is contested bysports participants and supporters alike.In the first section, Irish sports are presented as a fully functioning, selfregulatingand dynamic social arena with their own set of rules or structuringprinciples – or, in Pierre Bourdieu’s terms, as a social ‘field’ (1990: 156).Thediscussion then moves on to examine the relationship between the field ofIrish sports and the predominant systems of bodily preferences in thatcountry, and their impact on the practices of male and female sportspeople.Using this framework, I examine empirical findings on sport and physicalactivity in the Republic of Ireland, particularly gendered differences in ratesand perceptions of, and motivations for, participation in sports. I concludewith a reappraisal of the role of sport in identity-testing, particularly inrelation to the physical expression of a gendered identity.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSport and the Irish
Place of PublicationDublin
PublisherUniversity College Dublin
ISBN (Print)9781904558330
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2005

Bibliographical note

Reference text: Adair, A. S., J. N. Berry, W. S. McGreal, B. Murtagh and C. Paris (2000) The local housing
system in Craigavon N. Ireland: ethno-religious residential segregation, socio-tenurial
polarisation and sub-markets, Urban Studies, 37 (2): 1079–92.
Adelman, M. L. (1990) A Sporting Time: New York City and the Rise of Modern Athletics, 1820-
1870. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Akenson, D. (1992) God’s Peoples: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel and Ulster.
Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Amery, L.S. (ed.) (1900–9) The Times History of the War in South Africa 1899–1902, 5 vols.
London: The Times.
Anderson, B. (1983) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism.
London: Verso.
Anderson, B. (1991) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of nationalism,
2nd edn. London: Verso.
Anderson, J. and I. Shuttleworth (1998) Sectarian demography, territoriality and political
development in Northern Ireland, Political Geography 17 (2): 187–208.
Anthias, F. and N. Yuval-Davis (1993) Racialised Boundaries: Race, Nation, Gender, Colour and
Class. London: Routledge.
Appadurai, A. (1996) Modernity At Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis:
University of Minnesota Press.
Appadurai, A. (2000) ‘Grassroots globalization and the research imagination’, Public Culture
12 (1): 1–19.
Aughey, A. (1989) Under Siege: Ulster Unionism and the Anglo-Irish Agreement. Belfast: Blackstaff.
Aughey, A. (1995) Tracing Arguments in Conservatism and Unionism, unpublished DPhil
thesis. Jordanstown: University of Ulster.
Backpacker (2002) ‘Adventure sports: Lorna Connelly comes to grips with women’s rugby’,
14, Nov./Dec.
Bairner, A. (1996) ‘Sportive nationalism and nationalist politics: a comparative analysis of
Scotland, the Republic of Ireland, and Sweden’, Journal of Sport and Social Issues 20 (3),
Aug.: 314–34.
Bairner, A. (1997) ‘“Up to their knees?” Football, sectarianism, masculinity and Protestant
working-class identity’, pp. 95–113 in P. Shirlow and M. McGovern (eds), Who are ‘The
People?’ Unionism, Protestantism and Loyalism in Northern Ireland. London: Pluto.
Bairner, A. (1999a) ‘Civic and ethnic nationalism in the Celtic vision of Irish sport’, pp. 12–25
in G. Jarvie (ed.), Sport in the Making of Celtic Cultures. Leicester: Leicester University
Bairner, A. (1999b) ‘Soccer, masculinity and violence in Northern Ireland: between
hooliganism and terrorism’, Men and Masculinities 1 (2): 284–301.
Bairner, A. (2001a) Sport, Nationalism and Globalisation. European and North American
Perspectives. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Bairner, A. (2001b) Sport, politics and society in Northern Ireland: changing times, new
developments, Studies 90 (359): 283–90.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 261
Bairner, A. (2002) ‘The dog that didn’t bark? Football hooliganism in Ireland’, pp. 118–30 in
E. Dunning, P. Murphy, I. Waddington and A. E. Astrinakis (eds), Fighting Fans: Football
Hooliganism as a World Phenomenon (Dublin: University College Dublin Press).
Bairner, A. (2003) ‘Political unionism and sporting nationalism: an examination of the
relationship between sport and national identity within the Ulster unionist tradition’,
Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 10 (4): 517–35.
Bairner, A. (2004) ‘Creating a soccer strategy for Northern Ireland: reflections on football
governance in small European countries’, Soccer and Society 5 (1): 27–42.
Bairner, A. and P. Darby (1999) ‘Divided sport in a divided society: Northern Ireland’,
pp. 51–72 in J. Sugden and A. Bairner (eds), Sport in Divided Societies. Aachen: Meyer
& Meyer.
Bairner, A. and P. Shirlow (1998a) ‘The territorial politics of soccer in Northern Ireland’,
pp. 152–63 in G. Armstrong and R. Giulianotti (eds), Football Cultures and Identities.
London: Macmillan.
Bairner, A. and P. Shirlow (1998b) Loyalism, Linfield and the territorial politics of soccer
fandom in Northern Ireland, Space and Polity 2 (2): 163–77.
Bairner, A. and P. Shirlow (2001) pp. in G. Armstrong and R. Giulianotti (eds), Fear and
Loathing in World Football. Oxford: Berg. ???
Bairner, A. and P. Shirlow (2003) ‘When leisure turns to fear: fear, mobility, and ethnosectarianism
in Belfast’, Leisure Studies 22 (3): 203–21.
Bairner, A. and G. Walker (2001) ‘Football and society in Northern Ireland: Linfield Football
Club and the case of Gerry Morgan’, Soccer and Society 2 (1): ?–98. ??
Bale, J. (1986) ‘Sport and national identity: a geographical view’, British Journal of Sports History
3 (1): 18–41.
Bale, J. (1994) Landscapes of Modern Sport. Leicester: Leicester University Press.
Bale, J. and J. Maguire (eds) (1994) The Global Sports Arena: Athletic Talent Migration in an
Interdependent World. London: Frank Cass.
Balvanes, M. and Caputi, P. (2001) Introduction to Quantitative Research Methods: An investigative
approach. London: Sage.
Beckles, H. and B. Stoddart (eds) (1995) Liberation Cricket: West Indies Cricket Culture.
Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Belfast Interface Project (1999) Belfast Interface Project Report. Belfast: Belfast Interface Project.
Best, G. (with R. Benson) (1991) The Good, the Bad and the Bubbly. London: Pan.
Best, G. (with R. Collins) (2002) Blessed: The Autobiography. London: Ebury Press.
Best, A. (with N. Pittam) (2001) George Best and Me: My Autobiograohy. London: Virgin.
Billig, M. (1995) Banal Nationalism. London: Sage.
Birley, D. (1999) A Social History of English Cricket. London: Aurum.
Birrell, S. (1983) ‘The psychological dimensions of female athletic participation’, pp. in
M. Boutilier and L. SanGiovanni (eds), The Sporting Woman. Champaign, IL: Human
Birrell, S. and Cole, C. (eds) (1994) Women, Sport, and Culture. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Black, D. and J. Nauright (1998) Rugby and the South African Nation: Sport, Cultures, Politics
and Power in the Old and New South Africa. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Blain, N., R. Boyle and H. O’Donnell (1993) Sport and National Identity in the European
Media. London: Leicester University Press.
262 References
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 262
Bloom, W. (1990) Personal Identity, National Identity and International Relations. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Blue, A. (1987) Grace Under Pressure: The Emergence of Women in Sport. London: Sidgwick &
Boal, F., J. Campbell and D. Livingstone (1991) ‘The Protestant mosaic: a majority of
minorities’, pp. 99–129 in P. Roche and J. Barton (eds), The Northern Ireland question:
myth and reality. Aldershot: Avebury.
Borrows, B. (2002) The Hurricane. The Turbulent Times of Alex Higgins. London: Atlantic.
Boston Irish Reporter (1999a) ‘GAA, cultural centre sign deal for athletic fields’, 10 (4), Apr.
Boston Irish Reporter (1999b) ‘Irish sports youth league seeks new players’, 10 (7), July.
Boston Irish Reporter (1999c) ‘Irish cultural centre marks decade of progress, eye to the future’,
10 (10), Oct.
Boston Pilot (1879a) ‘Field sports at the Boston Irish Athletic Club picnic’, 42 (40), 4 Oct.
Boston Pilot (1879b) ‘Irish games: the ancient sports introduced into America’, 42 (40), 4 Oct.
Boston Pilot (1886a) ‘Irish games: the coming exhibition at Oak Island June 17’, 49 (24), 12 June.
Boston Pilot (1886b) ‘Irish games’, 49 (24), 12 June.
Boston Pilot (1950a) ‘Shamrock camogie interest increases’, 121 (29), 29 July.
Boston Pilot (1950b) ‘Camogie game Sunday’, 121 (43), 4 Nov.
Bourdieu, P. (1977) Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bourdieu, P. (1985) ‘The genesis of the concept of habitus and field’, Sociocriticism, Theories and
Perspectives, 2 (2): 11–24.
Bourdieu, P. (1986) ‘The forms of capital’, pp. 241–58 in J. Richardson (ed.), Handbook of
Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. New York: Greenwood.
Bourdieu, P. (1988) ‘Program for a sociology of sport’, Sociology of Sport Journal 5 (2): 153–61.
Bourdieu, P. (1990) In Other Words: Essays Towards a Reflexive Sociology. Cambridge: Polity.
Bourdieu, P. (1993) ‘How can one be a sportsman’, Sociology in Question. London: Sage: 117–31.
Bourdieu, P. (2001) Masculine Domination. Cambridge: Polity.
Boyce, D. G. (1990) Nineteenth-century Ireland: the search for stability. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Boyce, D.G. (1995) Nationalism in Ireland, 3rd edn. London: Routledge.
Bradley, J. (1998) ‘Sport and The contestation of cultural and ethnic identities in Scottish
society’, pp. 127–50 in M. Cronin and D. Mayall (eds), Sporting Nationalisms: Identity,
Ethnicity, Immigration and Assimilation. London: Frank Cass.
Brodie, M. (1980) 100 Years of Irish Football. Belfast: Blackstaff.
Brodie, M. (1985) Linfield: 100 Years. Belfast: The Universities Press.
Brown, T. (1987) Ireland a Social and Cultural History. London: Fontana.
Bryan, D. (2000) Orange Parades: The Politics of Ritual, Tradition and Control. London: Pluto.
Buckley, A. D. and M. C. Kenney (eds) (1995) Negotiating Identity: Rhetoric, Metaphor, and
Social Drama in Northern Ireland. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Burchill, J. (2002) Burchill on Beckham. London: Yellow Jersey Press.
Burns, J. (1999) Barça: A People’s Passion. London: Bloomsbury.
Burton, F. (1978) The Politics of Legitimacy: Struggles in a Belfast Community. London:
Calhoun, C. (ed.) (1994) Social Theory and the Politics of Identity. Oxford: Blackwell.
Calhoun, C. (1995) Critical Social Theory: Culture, History and the Challenge of Difference.
Oxford: Blackwell.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 263
Carter, T., H. Donnan, S. Ogle, and H. Wardle. (2003) Global Migrants: The Impact of
Migrants Working in Sport in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Sports Council for Northern
Celtic Monthly (1879) ‘John Boyle O’Reilly: The story of his eventful career’, II (1): 76–82.
Cochrane, F. (1997) Unionist Politics and the Politics of Unionism since the Anglo-Irish
Agreement. Cork: Cork University Press.
Colley, A., Nash, J., O’Connell, L. and Restorick, L. (1987) ‘Attitudes to the female sex role
and sex-typing of physical activities’, International Journal of Sports Psychology 18: 19–29.
Coughlan, B. (1983) The Irish Lions 1896–1983. Dublin: Ward River Press.
Coulter, C. (1994) ‘Class, ethnicity, and political identity in Northern Ireland’, Irish Journal of
Sociology 4: 1–26.
Coulter, C. (1999) Contemporary Northern Irish Society: An Introduction. London: Pluto.
Coyle, P. (1999) Paradise Lost and Found: The Story of Belfast Celtic. Edinburgh: Mainstream
and Belfast: Blackstaff..
Crick, B. (ed.) (1991) National Identities: The Constitution of the United Kingdom. Oxford:
Cronin, M. (1997) ‘Which nation? Which Flag? Boxing and National Identities in Ireland’.
International Review for the Sociology of Sport 32 (2): 131–46.
Cronin, M. (1998a) ‘Enshrined in blood: the naming of Gaelic Athletic Association grounds
and clubs’, The Sports Historian 18 (1), May: 90-104.
Cronin, M. (1998b) ‘Fighting for Ireland: playing for England? The nationalist history of the
Gaelic Athletic Association and the English influence on Irish sport’, International
Journal of the History of Sport XV (3): 36–56.
Cronin, M. (1999) Sport and Nationalism in Ireland: Gaelic Games, Soccer and Irish Identity
Since 1884. Dublin: Fours Courts.
Cronin, M. (2003) ‘Projecting the nation through sport and culture: Ireland, Aonach
Tailteann and the Irish Free State, 1924–32’, Journal of Contemporary History 38 (3):
Csizma, K., Wittig, A. and Schurr, T. (1988) ‘Sport stereotypes and gender’, Journal of Sport
and Exercise Psychology 10 (1): 62–74.
Cullinane, J. (1997) Aspects of the History of Irish Dancing in North America. Cork City: Central
Remedial Clinic.
Cunningham, P. J. (2001) A. N. Other. Bray, Co. Wicklow: Dub Press.
Curtis, L. P. (1971) Apes and angels: the Irishman in Victorian caricature. Newton Abbot:
David & Charles.
Darby, P. (2002) Africa, Football and FIFA. Politics, Colonialism and Resistance. London: Frank
Davies, N. (2000) The Isles. A History. London: Papermac.
De Búrca, M. (1980) The GAA: a history of the Gaelic Athletic Association. Dublin: Gill &
De Búrca, M. (1999) The GAA: A History, 2nd edn. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Defrance, J. (1995) ‘The anthropological sociology of Pierre Bourdieu: genesis, concepts,
relevance’, Sociology of Sport Journal 12 (2): 121–32.
Department of Education and Health Promotion Unit (1996) A National Survey of Involvement
in Sport and Physical Activity. Dublin: Government of Ireland Official Publication.
264 References
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 264
Department of Health and Children and Health Promotion Unit (1999) The National Health
and Lifestyles Survey. Dublin: Stationery Office.
Diffley, S. (1973) The Men In Green: The Story of Irish Rugby. London: Pelham.
Dineen, M. (1901) ‘The game of hurling’, The Gael, Sept.
Donohoe’s Magazine (1886) ‘Parliamentary Fund’, XV (4), Apr.
Donahoe’s Magazine (1888) ‘Irish Athletes’, XX (5), Nov.
Donahoe’s Magazine (1890) ‘Death of John Boyle O’Reilly’, Oct.: 359–70.
Dougan, D. (1972) The Sash He Never Wore. London: Allison & Busby.
Douglas, N. and P. Shirlow (1998) ‘People in conflict in place: the case of Northern Ireland’,
Political Geography 17 (2): 125–28.
Downey, O. (2000) Glory tales of violence. Belfast: Red Button.
Doyle, P. (2002) ‘Putting the bigoted boot in for the sake of “Irishness”’, Sunday Tribune,
7 Apr.
Duffy, P. (1994) ‘The role and function of the National Coaching and Training Centre in the
promotion of women in sport’, pp. 18–26 in N. Murphy, N. and C. Woods (eds),
Proceedings of National Forum for Girls and Women in Sport. Limerick: Physical
Education Association of Ireland.
Duke, V. and L. Crolley (1996) Football, Nationality and the State. Harlow: Longman.
Duncan, M. and Hasbrook, S. Scraton and A. Flintoff (eds) (2002) ‘Denial of power in
televised women’s sports’, pp. 83–94 in Gender and Sport: A Reader. London: Routledge.
(Also published in Sociology of Sport Journal 5 (1) 1988: 1–21.)
Dunning, E. (1986) ‘Sport as a male preserve: notes on the social sources of masculine identity
and its transformations’, pp. 267–84 in N. Elias and E. Dunning (eds), Quest for
Excitement: Sport and Leisure in the Civilizing Process. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Dunning, E. (1994) ‘Sport as a male preserve: notes on the social sources of masculine identity
and its transformations’, pp. 163–92 in S. Birrell and C. Cole (eds), Women, Sport, and
Culture. Champaign, IL.: Human Kinetics.
Dunning, E. (1999) ‘Sport, gender and civilization’, pp. 219–39 in E. Dunning, Sport Matters:
Sociological Studies of Sport, Violence and Civilization. London: Routledge.
Egan, S. (1980) ‘The Aonach Tailteann and the Tailteann Games: origin, function and ancient
associations’, CAPHER Journal: 3–5, 38.
Elias, N. (1978) What Is Sociology? London: Hutchinson.
Elias, N. (1991) The Society of Individuals. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Elias, N. (1994) ‘Introduction: a theoretical essay on established and outsider relations’, pp.
xv–lii in N. Elias and J. L. Scotson (eds), A Sociological Enquiry into Community
Problems. London: Frank Cass.
Elias, N. (1996) The Germans: Power Struggles and the Development of Habitus in the Nineteenth
and Twentieth Centuries. Cambridge: Polity.
Elias, N. and E. Dunning (1986) Quest for Excitement: Sport and Leisure in the Civilizing Process.
Oxford: Blackwell.
Elliott, M. (2000) The Catholics of Ulster. London: Penguin.
Elon, A. (2000) A Blood Dimmed Tide: Dispatches from the Middle East London: Penguin.
Evening Herald (2003) ‘The man who made rugby sexy’, 28 Mar.
Fahy, D. (2001) How the GAA Survived the Troubles. Dublin: Wolfhound.
Fairplay: Sport and Leisure. London: Fairplay Sport Leisure Lifestyle Ltd.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 265
Feldman, A. (1991) Formations of violence: the narrative of the body and political terror in
Northern Ireland. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Felshin, J. (1974) ‘The triple option . . . for women in sport’, Quest 21: 36–40.
Fenton, R. (2000) ‘Clubs Apply for Senior Status’, Belfast Telegraph, 28 Mar.
Finn, G. (1994) ‘Sporting symbols, sporting identities: soccer and intergroup conflict in Scotland
and Northern Ireland’, pp. 33–55 in I. Wood (ed.), Scotland and Ulster. Edinburgh: Mercat.
Fletcher, J. (1997) Violence and Civilization: An Introduction to the Work of Norbert Elias.
Cambridge: Polity.
Foster, R. F. (1989) Modern Ireland 1600–1972. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Foster, R. F. (1993) Paddy and Mr Punch: Connections in Irish and English History. London:
Allen Lane.
Free, M. (1998) ‘Angels with drunken faces? Travelling Republic of Ireland supporters and the
construction of Irish migrant identity in England’, pp. 219–32 in A. Brown (ed.),
Fanatics! Power, Identity and Fandom in Football. London: Routledge.
The Gael (1882) 1 (1), Jan.
The Gael (1887) ‘An Irish hurling green: a ballad for the Gael’, 6 (3), May.
Garnham, N. (1999) ‘Introduction’, pp. xx–x in N. Garnham (ed.), The Origins and
Development of Football in Ireland, (reprint of R. M. Peter’s Irish Football Annual, 1880).
Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation. pp?
Gaughran, M. B. (1999) ‘Football’s fighting Irish’, Boston Globe, 26 May.
Gibbons, L. (1996) Transformations in Irish Culture. Cork: Cork University Press.
Gibson, A. (2001) ‘Irish When It Suits? An Examination into Identity Issues within Rugby
in Northern Ireland’. Unpublished BSc (Hons) dissertation, University of Ulster at
Giulianotti, R. (1996) ‘All the Olympians: A thing never known again? Reflections on Irish
football culture and the 1994 World Cup Finals’, Irish Journal of Sociology 6: 101–26.
Goldring, M. (1993) Pleasant the Scholar’s Life: Irish Intellectuals and the construction of the
nation state. London: Serif.
Goodhart, P. and Chataway, C. (1968) War Without Weapons. London: W. H. Allen.
Graham, B. (1997) ‘Ireland and Irishness: place, culture and identity’, pp. 1–15 in B. Graham
(ed.), In Search of an Ireland: A Cultural Geography. London: Routledge.
Gray, B. and L. Ryan (1998) ‘The politics of Irish identity and the interconnections between
feminism, nationhood and colonialism’, pp. 121–38 in R. Roach-Pierson and N.
Chaudhuri (eds), Nation, Empire, Colony. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Greeley, A. M. (1981) The Irish Americans: The Rise to Money and Power. New York and
Cambridge: Harper & Row.
Griffiths, J. (1994) The Five Nations Championship 1947–93. London: Methuen.
Guinnane, T. (1997) The Vanishing Irish: Households, Migration, and the Rural Economy in
Ireland, 1850–1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Guttmann, A. (1996) Games and Empires: Modern Sports and Cultural Imperialism. New York:
Columbia University Press.
Hall, S. (1992) ‘The question of cultural identity’, in S. Hall, D. Held and A.McGrew (eds),
Modernity and its Futures. Cambridge: Polity.
Hamilton, B et al.(2001) Creating a Soccer Strategy for Northern Ireland. Belfast: Department of
Culture Arts and Leisure.
266 References
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 266
Hanna, F. (1999) ‘The Gaelic Athletic Association’, in M. Glazier (ed.), The Encyclopedia of the
Irish in America. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.
Hargreaves, J. (1986) Sport, Power and Culture. New York: St Martin’s Press.
Hargreaves, J. (1994) Sporting Females: Critical Issues in the History and Sociology of Women’s
Sports. London: Routledge.
Hargreaves, J. (2000) Heroines of Sport: The Politics of Difference and Identity. London:
Harvey, D. (1989) The Condition of Postmodernity. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hassan, D. (2001) ‘A people apart: soccer, identity and Irish nationalists in Northern Ireland’,
Soccer and Society 3 (3): 65–83.
Healy, J. (1997) Proceed to Banteer. Dublin: Jerimiah Healy.
Hehir, J., (2000) ‘Boston and North East Gaelic Athletic Association 1884–2000’, pp. 2–3 in
North East Gaelic Athletic Association, A Century of Boston GAA. Boston: Woburn
Printing Inc.
Henderson, K. A. and C. E. Frelke (2000) ‘Space as a vital dimension of leisure: the creation of
place’, World Leisure Journal 42 (3): 18–24.
Hewitt, J. (1974) ‘Clash of identities’, p. 4 in P. Craig (ed.), The Rattle of the North: An
Anthology of Ulster Prose. Belfast: Blackstaff.
Hill, C. (1992) Olympic Politics. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Hoberman, J. (1986) Sport and Political Ideology. London: Heinemann.
Hobsbawm, E. J. (1983) ‘Mass-producing traditions: Europe, 1870–1914, pp. 263–307 in
E. Hobsbawm and T. Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Hobsbawm, E. J. (1992) ‘Introduction: inventing traditions’, pp. 1–14 in E. Hobsbawm and
T. Ranger (eds) The Invention of Tradition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hobsbawm, E. J. and T. O. Ranger (eds) (1992) The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press.
Holmes, M. (1994) ‘Symbols of national identity and sport: the case of the Irish football team’,
Irish Political Studies 9: 91–8.
Holt, R. (1990) Sport and the British: A Modern History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Houlihan, B. (1997) Sport, Policy and Politics: A Comparative Analysis. London: Routledge.
Hunt, T. (2002) ‘Mullingar Sport in the 1890s: communities at play’, in M. Farrell (ed.),
Mullingar: Essays on the History of a Midlands Town in the 19th century. Mullingar:
Westmeath County Library
Inglis, T. (1998) Lessons in Irish Sexuality. Dublin: University College Dublin Press.
Inglis, T. (2000) ‘Irish civil society: from church to media domination’, pp. 49–68 in T. Inglis,
Z. Mach. and R. Mazanek (eds), Religion and Politics: East–West Contrasts from
Contemporary Europe. Dublin: University College Dublin Press.
Innes, C. L. (1993) Woman and Nation. Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.
Irish Cultural Centre (1999) ‘Boston and the North East Gaelic Athletic Association
1884–1999’, pp. 8–9 in Commemorative Program, Irish Cultural Centre Grand Opening –
Phase I. Boston: Irish Cultural Centre.
Irish Echo (1888a) ‘Ireland’s games and pastimes: The national Irish Athletic Association to the
fore’, II (7) July.
Irish Echo (1888b) ‘Irish athletic champions’, II (10) Oct.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 267
Irish Independent (2001) ‘GAA repeal Rule 21’, 19 Nov.
Irish News (1999) ‘McLaughlin congratulates City of Derry’, 25 Oct.
Irish Sports Council (2003) Statement of Strategy 2003–2005. Dublin: Irish Sports Council.
Jackson, A. (1996) ‘Irish unionists and the Empire, 1880–1920: classes and masses’, pp. 124–36
in K. Jeffery (ed.), ‘An Irish Empire’? Aspects of Ireland and the British Empire.
Manchester: Manchester University Press.
James, C. L. R. (1993 [1963]) Beyond a Boundary. Durham: Duke University Press.
Jarman, N. (1998) Material conflicts: parades and visual displays in Northern Ireland. London: Berg.
Jarvie, G. and Walker, G. (eds) (1994) Scottish Sport in the Making of the Nation:
Jenkins, R. (1997) Rethinking Ethnicity: Arguments and Explorations. London: Sage.
Johns, D. and Farrow, A. (1990) ‘Gender difference in role accumulation in parent athletes’.
Paper presented at the annual conference of the North American Society for the
Sociology of Sport, Denver, CO.
Johnson, P. (2001) ‘Sport and The Reconciliation Process in Israel. A Case Study of Ibillin’.
Unpublished MA dissertation. Eastbourne: University of Brighton.
Jones, T., P. Duffy, G. Murphy and J. Dinneen (1991) Girls and Boys Come Out To Play.
Limerick: Physical Education Association of Ireland.
Keating, F. (1999) ‘Ulster unites for “Our Boys”’, Guardian, 29 Jan.
Kennedy, J. (1989) Belfast Celtic. Belfast: Pretani.
Klein, A. M. (1997) Baseball On the Border: A Tale of Two Laredos. New Jersey: Princeton
University Press.
Knox, C. (1987) ‘Territorialism: leisure and community in Northern Ireland’, Leisure Studies 6
(4): 251–63.
Lanfranchi, P. and M. Taylor (2001) Moving with the Ball: The Migration of Professional
Footballers. Oxford: Berg.
Layder, D. (1994) Understanding Social Theory. London: Sage.
Lee, J. J. (1973) The Modernisation of Irish society 1848-1918. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Lennon, J. (1997) The Playing Rules of Football and Hurling, 1884–1995. Gormanstown:
Northern Recreation Consultants.
Lenskyj, H. (1986) Out of Bounds: Women, Sport and Sexuality. Toronto: The Women’s Press.
Lenskyj, H. (1994) ‘Sexuality and femininity in sports contexts: issues and alternatives’, Journal
of Sport and Social Issues 18: 358–76.
Liston, K. (1999) ‘Playing the masculine/feminine game . . . so he plays harder and she plays
softer’ in PaGes: Postgraduate Research in Progress. University College Dublin, Faculty of
Arts (6): 133–47.
Liston, K. (2001) ‘Sport, gender and commercialization’, Studies 90 (359): 251–66.
Liston, K. (2002) ‘The gendered field of Irish sport’, pp. 231–47 in M. Corcoran and M. Peillon
(eds), Ireland Unbound: A Turn of the Century Chronicle. Dublin: Institute of Public
Lovejoy, J. (1999) Bestie: A Portrait of a Legend. London: Pan Macmillan.
Lovesey, P. (1979) The Official Centenary History of the Amateur Athletic Association. Enfield:
Guinness Superlatives.
Lynch, K. and Lodge, A. (2002) Equality and Power in Schools: Redistribution, Recognition and
Representation. London: Routledge.
268 References
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 268
MacDiarmid, H. (1987) A Drunk Man Looks at the Thistle, ed. K. Buthlay. Edinburgh: Scottish
Academic Press.
MacDougall, C. (2001) Painting the Forth Bridge: A Search for Scottish Identity. London:
Maginness, A. (2001) ‘Redefining Northern nationalism: a political perspective’, pp. 1–5 in
Redefining Northern Nationalism, Working Paper No. 3. Dublin: University College
Dublin, Institute for British–Irish Studies.
Maguire, J. (1993) ‘Globalization, sport and national identities: “The Empire strikes back”?’,
Loisir et Société 16 (2): 293–322.
Maguire, J. (1994) ‘Sport, identity politics, and globalization: diminishing contrasts and
increasing varieties’, Sociology of Sport Journal 11 (4): 398–427.
Maguire, J. (1996) ‘Blade runners: Canadian migrants, ice hockey, and the global sports
process’, Journal of Sport and Social Issues 20: 335–60.
Maguire, J. (1999) Global Sport. Identities, Societies, Civilizations. Cambridge: Polity.
Maguire, J., G. Jarvie, L. Mansfield and J. Bradley (2002) Sport Worlds: A Sociological
Perspective. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Maguire, J. and E. K. Poulton (1999) ‘European identity politics in Euro 96: Invented
traditions and national habitus codes’, International Review for the Sociology of Sport 34
(1): 17–29.
Maguire, J., E. K. Poulton and C. Possamai (1999) ‘Weltkrieg III? Media coverage of England
versus Germany in Euro 96’, Journal of Sport and Social Issues 23 (4): 439–54.
Maguire, J. and D. E. Stead (1996) ‘Far pavilions?: Cricket migrants, foreign sojourns and
contested identities’, International Review for the Sociology of Sport 31 (1): 1–24.
Maguire, J. and J. Tuck (1998) ‘Global sports and patriot games: rugby union and national
identity in a United Sporting Kingdom since 1945’, pp. 103–26 in M. Cronin and
D. Mayall (eds), Sporting Nationalisms: Identity, Ethnicity, Immigration and Assimilation.
London: Frank Cass.
Mandle, W.F., (1977) ‘The Irish Republican Brotherhood and the beginnings of the Gaelic
Athletic Association’, Irish Historical Studies XX: 418–38.
Mandle, W. F. (1987) The Gaelic Athletic Association and Irish Nationalist Politics, 1884–1924.
Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Mangan, J. A. (1985) The Games Ethic and Imperialism: Aspects of the Diffusion of an Ideal.
London: Frank Cass.
Mason, S. (2000) ‘The History of Irish Rugby: A Transition from Amateurism to Professionalism’.
Unpublished MSc thesis, University of Ulster at Jordanstown.
Mason, T. (1993) ‘All the winners and all the half-times’, Sports Historian 13: 3–10.
Mayer, T. (ed.) (1999) Gender Ironies of Nationalism. London: Routledge.
McCaffrey, L. J. (1992) Textures of Irish America. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press.
McCaffrey, L. J. (1997) The Irish Catholic Diaspora in America. Washington, DC: Catholic
University of America Press.
McClintock, A. (1995) Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Colonial Context.
New York: Routledge.
McClintock, A. (1997) ‘No longer in a future heaven: gender, race and nationalism’, pp. 89–112
in A. McClintock, A. Mufti and E. Shohat (eds), Dangerous Liaisons: Gender, Nation
and Post-Colonial Perspectives. Minnesota: Minnesota University Press.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 269
McCracken, D. P. (ed.) (1996) ‘Ireland and South Africa in modern times’, South African-Irish
Studies, vol. 3. Durban: Atlas.
McCracken, D. P. (1989) The Irish Pro-Boers, 1877–1902. Johannesburg: Perskor.
McCrone, D. (2002) ‘Scotland, small? Making sense of nations in the 21st century’. Seminar
on ‘New Politics: New Governance: the experience of Scottish Devolution’, Scotland in
Sweden, Stockholm, 18 Oct.
McDevitt, P. F. (1997) ‘Muscular Catholicism; nationalism, masculinity and Gaelic team
sports, 1884–1916’, Gender and History IX (2): 262–84.
McGarry, J. and B. O’Leary (1995) Explaining Northern Ireland: Broken Images. Oxford: Blackwell.
McGrew (eds) Modernity and its Futures. Cambridge: Polity.
McIntosh, P. (1993). ‘The sociology of sport in the ancient world’, pp. in E. Dunning et al.
(eds), The Sports Process: A Comparative and Developmental Approach. Champaign, IL:
Human Kinetics. ???pp
McKay, S. (2000) Northern Protestants: An Unsettled People. Belfast: Blackstaff.
McLaughlin, J. (1995) ‘An Evaluation of Sport’s Contribution to Community Relations in
Northern Ireland’. Unpublished DPhil thesis, Jordanstown: University of Ulster.
Mennell, S. (1989) Norbert Elias: Civilization and the Human Self-Image. Oxford: Blackwell.
Mennell, S. (1990) ‘The globalization of human society as a very long-term social process:
Elias’s theory’, Theory, Culture and Society 7: 359–71
Mennell, S. (1994) ‘The formation of we-images: a process theory, in C. Calhoun (ed.), Social
Theory and the Politics of Identity. Oxford: Blackwell.
Metcalf, A. (1988) ‘Football in the mining communities of east Northumberland, 1882–1914’,
International Journal of the History of Sport 5 (3): 269–91.
Metheny, E. (1965) Connotations of Movement in Sport and Dance. Iowa: Wm. C Brown.
Metheny, E. (1972) ‘Symbolic forms of movement: the feminine image in sport’, pp. 277–90
in M. Hart (ed.), Sport In The Socio-Cultural Process. Iowa: Wm. C. Brown.
Minute book of the Irish Rugby Football Union (Northern Branch), 2 December, 1902–
5 November, 1907 (Public Record Office of Northern Ireland) ref: D/3867/A/3.
Moore, C. (1999) United Irishmen: Manchester United’s Irish Connection. Edinburgh: Mainstream
Moran, A. (2001) ‘What makes a winner’, Studies 90 (359): 266–76.
Mosse, G. (1985) Nationalism and Sexuality. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Nairn, T. (1981) The Break-Up of Britain, 2nd edn. London: Verso.
Nally, T. H. (1922) The Aonaæ Tailteann and the Tailteann Games: Their Origin, History and
Ancient Associations. Dublin: Talbot Press.
Nash, C. (1993) ‘Remapping and renaming: new cartographies of identities, gender and
landscape in Ireland’, Feminist Review 44: 39–57.
Nauright, J. (1990) ‘Myth and reality: reflections on rugby and New Zealand historiography’,
Sporting Traditions 6 (2): 219–30.
Nauright, J. (1991) ‘Sport, manhood and empire: British responses to the New Zealand rugby
tour of 1905’, International Journal of the History of Sport VIII (2): 240–55.
Nauright, J. (1996a) ‘A besieged tribe’?: nostalgia, white cultural identity and the role of rugby
in a changing South Africa’, International Review for the Sociology of Sport 31 (1): 69–90.
Nauright, J. (1996b) ‘Colonial manhood and imperial race virility: British responses to post-
Boer War colonial rugby tours’, pp. 121–43 in J. Nauright and T. J. L. Chandler (eds),
Making Men: Rugby and Masculine Identity. Manchester: Manchester University Press
270 References
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 270
Nauright, J. (1997) Sport, Cultures and Identities in South Africa. London: Leicester University
Nauright, J. and T. J. L. Chandler (eds) (1996) Making Men: Rugby and Masculine Identity.
London: Frank Cass.
NicCraith, M. (2001) Cultural Diversity in Northern Ireland and the Good Friday Agreement,
Working Paper No. 7. Dublin: University College Dublin, Institute for British–Irish
North American County Board (1998) Official Programme for the NACB Finals. Washington:
North East GAA (2000), A Century of Boston GAA. Boston: Woburn Printing Inc.
O’Brien, G. (ed.) (2000) Playing The Field: Irish Writers on Sport. Dublin: New Island.
O’Connor, F. (1993) In Search of a State: Catholics in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Blackstaff.
O’Connor, K. (1985) ‘Ireland: A nation caught in the middle of an identity crisis’, Irish
Independent, 20 June.
O’Leary, B. and J. McGarry (1993) The Politics of Antagonism: Understanding Northern Ireland.
London: Athlone.
O’Malley, D. (2001) ‘Redefining southern nationalism: a political perspective’, pp. 1–3 in
Redefining Southern Nationalism, Working Paper No. 1. Dublin: University College
Dublin, Institute for British–Irish Studies.
O’Malley, P. (1983) The Uncivil Wars: Ireland Today. Belfast: Blackstaff.
O’Malley, P. (2001) ‘Northern Ireland and South Africa: “Hope and history at a crossroads”’,
pp. 276–308 in J. McGarry (ed.), Northern Ireland and the Divided World: Post-
Agreement Northern Ireland in Comparative Perspective
O’Riain, S. (1998) Maurice Davin (1842–1927), First President of the GAA. Dublin: Geography
Official GAA Website (2001). 22 Nov.
Ong, A. (1999) Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Durham: Duke
University Press.
Oppenheim, A. (1992) Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement. London:
Orwell, G. (1970) In Front of Your Nose: The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George
Orwell, vol. 4. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Parker, A. et al. (1992) Nationalism and Sexualities. New York: Routledge.
Parkinson, M. (1975) Best: An Intimate Biography. London: Arrow.
Paseta, S. (1998–9) ‘Trinity College, Dublin and the education of Irish Catholics, 1873–1908’,
Studia Hibernica XXX: 7–20.
Phoenix, E. (1994) Northern Nationalism: Nationalist Politics, Partition, and the Catholic
Minority in Northern Ireland 1890–1940. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation.
Porter, N. (1996) Rethinking Unionism. Belfast: Blackstaff.
Rao, S. (1999) ‘Woman-as-symbol: the intersections of identity politics, gender, and Indian
nationalism’, Women’s Studies International Forum 22 (3): 317–28.
Reiss, S. A. (1992) ‘Sport, race and ethnicity in an American City, 1879–1950’, pp. 191–219 in
M. D’Innocenzo and J. P. Sirefman (eds), Immigration and Ethnicity: American Society
– ‘Melting Pot’ or ‘Salad Bowl’? Westport, CN and London: Greenwood.
Roche, J. J. (1891) The Life, Poems and Speeches of John Boyle O’Reilly. New York.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 271
Roche, M. (2000) Mega-Events and Modernity: Olympics, Expos and the Construction of Global
Culture. London: Routledge.
Rouse, P. (1993) ‘The politics of culture and sport in Ireland: a history of the GAA ban on
foreign games 1884–71. Part one: 1884–1921’, International Journal of the History of Sport
X (3): 41–60.
Rouse, P. (2003) ‘Why Irish historians have ignored sport: A note’, History Review, XIV.
Ruane, J. and J. Todd (1996) The Dynamics of Conflict in Northern Ireland: Power, Conflict and
Emancipation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ryan, G. (1993) Forerunners of the All Blacks: the 1888-89 New Zealand Native Football Team in
Britain, Australia and New Zealand. Canterbury (NZ): Canterbury University Press.
Ryan, L. (1998) ‘Negotiating tradition and modernity: newspaper debates on the “modern girl”
in the Irish Free State’, Journal of Gender Studies 7 (2): 181–98.
Ryan, L. (2002) Gender Identity and the Irish Press, 1922–1937: Embodying the Nation. New
York: Mellen Press.
Sack, D. (1993) Place, Modernity, and the Consumer’s World: A Relational Framework for
Geographical Analysis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Said, E. (2000) The End of the Peace Process. London: Granta.
Scally, J. (1998) Simply Red and Green: Manchester United and Ireland. Edinburgh:
Schwarz, B. (1992) ‘England in Europe: Reflections on national identity and cultural theory’,
Cultural Studies 6: 198–206.
Scraton, S. and Flintoff, A. (eds) (2002) Gender and Sport: A Reader. London: Routledge.
Shannon, W. V. (1966) The American Irish: A Political and Social Portrait. New York:
Sharkey, S. (1994) Ireland the Iconography of Rape. London: University of North London Press.
Sheehan, J. (1987) Worthies of Westmeath. Wellbrook Press and Jeremiah Sheehan, Moate,
Co. Westmeath.
Shilling, C. (1992) ‘Schooling and the production of physical capital’, Discourse 13 (1): 1–19.
Shilling, C. (1993) The Body and Social Theory. London: Sage.
Shirlow, P. (2001) ‘The geography of fear in Belfast’, Peace Review 43 (1): 12–28.
Shirlow, P. (2003) ‘Ethno-sectarianism and fear in Belfast’, Capital and Class 80: 46–67.
Smith, A. D. (1991) National Identity. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Smith, A. D. (1995) Nations and Nationalism in a Global Era. London: Polity.
Smith, C. G. (1919), Scottish Literature. London: Macmillan.
The Star (2003) ‘Plucky players tackle violent image of female rugby’, 9 Apr.
Stoddart, B. and K. A. P. Sandiford (eds) (1998) The Imperial Game: Cricket, Culture and
Society. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Stoddart, B. (1998) ‘Sport, cultural imperialism, and colonial response in the British Empire’,
Comparative Studies in Society and History 30 (3): 649–73.
Sugden, J. (1989) ‘As presently constituted, sport at an international level does more harm than
good’, in G. Cohen (ed.) ‘Peace and understanding through sport’, Journal of the
Institute for International Sport 2 (1): 63–8.
Sugden, J. (1991) ‘Belfast United: encouraging cross-community relations through sport in
Northern Ireland’, Journal of Sport and Social Issues 15 (1): 59–80.
Sugden, J. (2002) Scum Airways: Inside Football’s Underground Economy. Edinburgh: Mainstream.
272 References
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 272
Sugden J. and A. Bairner (1993) Sport, Sectarianism and Society in a Divided Ireland. Leicester:
Leicester University Press.
Sugden, J. and A. Bairner (1994) ‘Ireland and the World Cup: “two teams in Ireland, there’s
only two teams in Ireland . . .”’, pp. 119–39 in J. Sugden and A. Tomlinson (eds), Hosts
and Champions: Soccer Cultures, national identities and the USA World Cup. Aldershot:
Sugden, J. and A. Bairner (eds) (1999) Sport in Divided Societies. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer.
Sugden, J. and S. Harvie (1995) Sport and Community Relations in Northern Ireland. Coleraine:
University of Ulster.
Sugden, J. and A. Tomlinson (1998) FIFA and the Contest for World Football: Who Rules the
Peoples’ Game? Cambridge: Polity.
Sunday Tribune (2000) ‘New male order’, 5 Nov.
Sutton, P. P. (1900) ‘The ancient games of Ireland at Tailten and Carman’, The Gael
Thapar-Bjorkert, S. and L. Ryan (2002) ‘Mother India/ Mother Ireland: Comparative
gendered dialogues of colonialism and nationalism in the early twentieth century’,
Women’s Studies International Forum 25 (3): 301–13.
Thomas, C. (1996) The History of the British Lions. Edinburgh: Mainstream.
Thompson, K. (1988) ‘Challenging the hegemony: New Zealand women’s opposition to rugby
and the reproduction of a capitalist patriarchy’, International Review for the Sociology of
Sport 23 (3): 205–12.
Todd, J. (1987) ‘Two traditions in Unionist political culture’, Irish Political Studies 2: 1–26.
Todd, J. (1990) ‘Northern Irish nationalist political culture’, Irish Political Studies 5: 31–44.
Todd, J. (1999) ‘Nationalism, republicanism and the Good Friday Agreement’, pp. 49–70 in
J. Ruane and J. Todd (eds), After the Good Friday Agreement. Dublin: University
College Dublin Press.
Todd, J. (2001) ‘Redefining northern nationalism – an academic perspective’, pp. 6–16 in
Redefining Northern Nationalism, Working Paper No. 3. Dublin: University College
Dublin, Institute for British–Irish Studies.
Tranter, N. (1990) ‘The chronology of organised sport in nineteenth century Scotland: a
regional study’, International Journal of the History of Sport 7 (2): 188–203.
Tsigdinos, Karl (2003) ‘A lark in the park’, Cara Mar.: 64.
Tuck, J. and J. Maguire (1999) ‘Making sense of global patriot games: rugby players’
perceptions of national identity politics’, Football Studies 2 (1): 26–54.
Turner, V. (1974) Dramas Fields and Metaphors: Symbolic Action in Human Societies. New
York: Cornell University Press.
Turpin, J. (2000) Oliver Sheppard, 1865–1941: Symbolist Sculptor of the Irish Cultural Revival.
Dublin: Four Courts.
Van Esbeck, E. (1974) One Hundred Years of Irish Rugby: The Official History of the Irish RFU.
Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Van Esbeck, E. (1986) The Story of Irish Rugby. London: Stanley Paul.
Van Esbeck, E. (1999) Irish Rugby 1874–1999: A History. Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Waddington, I., Malcolm, D. and Cobb, J. (1998) ‘Gender stereotyping and physical
education’, European Physical Education Review 4 (1): 34–46.
Webb, J., T. Schirato and G. Danaher (2002) Understanding Bourdieu. London: Sage.
17 Sport bib 8/26/04 4:34 PM Page 273
Whyte, J. (1990) Interpreting Northern Ireland. Oxford: Clarendon.
Wilcox, R. C. (1992) ‘Sport and the nineteenth century immigrant experience’, pp. 177–89 in
M. D’Innocenzo and J. P. Sirefman (eds), Immigration and Ethnicity: American Society –
‘Melting Pot’ or ‘Salad Bowl’ ? Westport, CN and London: Greenwood.
Williams, G. (1985) ‘How amateur was my valley?: Professional sport and national identity in
Wales, 1890–1914’, British Journal of Sports History 2 (3): 248–69.
Williams, G. (1988) ‘From popular culture to public cliché: image and identity in Wales
1980–1914’, in J. A. Mangan (ed.), Pleasure, Proselytism: British Culture and Sport at
Home and Abroad, 1700–1914. London: Frank Cass.
Williams, G. (1991) 1905 And All That: Essays On Rugby Football, Sport and Welsh Society.
Llandysul: Gomer.
Wilson, T. W. (1993) ‘Frontiers go but boundaries remain: the Irish Border as a cultural
divide’, pp. 167–87 in T. W. Wilson and M. Estellie Smith (eds), Cultural Change and
the New Europe: Perspectives on the European Community. Oxford: Westview.
Yuval-Davis, N. (1993) ‘Gender and nation’, Ethnic and Racial Studies 16 (4): 621–32.
Yuval-Davis, N. (1997) Gender and Nation. London: Sage.


Dive into the research topics of 'Some reflections on women's sports'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • Sport, Gender and Representation: The Women's Gaelic Players' Association

    Liston, K. & Lane, A., 30 Nov 2018, (Accepted/In press) The Business and Culture of Sport: Society, Politics, Economy, Environment. Maguire, J., Falcous, M. & Liston, K. (eds.). 1st ed. US: Gale, Vol. 3. p. 399-411 13 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Cite this