Aim: The aim of this study was to introduce a protocol for the use of antimicrobials in surgical prophylaxcis for the described procedures in Antrim Area Hospital.Method: Historical data of antimicrobial use were obtained from retrospective analysis of patients' charts, for those patients identified as having one of teh following 'clean / contaminated' surgical procedures over the previous six months; cholecystectomy or abdominal hysterectomy. These data were analysed, and a protocol was introduced providing guidelines for the choice of antimicrobial agent, its administration time, route, dose, duration and frequency of treatment.Main outcome measure: The main outcome measure was the success of the uptake of the protocol following its implementation.Results: There was a total of 285 patients identified, 105 prior to and 180 post implementation. Overall 68% of patients received some form of prophylaxis in the first cycle, and 72% in the second.Conclusion: Although the introduction of the protocol led to slight improvements in compliance with standard prescribing procedures, with an increase in single-dose prophylaxis, and a reduction in prolonged prophylactic treatment, teh improvements did not reach expectations. This paper attempts to identify the possible barriers to protocol implementation.
|Journal||Pharmacy World and Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2002|