The Role of Coping in the Wellbeing and Work-Related Quality of Life of UK Health and Social Care Workers during COVID-19

Paula Mc Fadden, Jana Ross, John Moriarty, John Mallett, Heike Schröder, Jermaine Ravalier, Jill Manthorpe, Denise Currie, Jaclyn Harron, Patricia Mackin (now Gillen)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
39 Downloads (Pure)


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was declared a global pandemic in early 2020. Due to the rapid spread of the virus and limited availability of effective treatments, health and social care systems worldwide quickly became overwhelmed. Such stressful circumstances are likely to have negative impacts on health and social care workers’ wellbeing. The current study examined the relationship between coping strategies and wellbeing and quality of working life in nurses, midwives, allied health professionals, social care workers and social workers who worked in health and social care in the UK during its first wave of COVID-19. Data were collected using an anonymous online survey (N = 3425), and regression analyses were used to examine the associations of coping strategies and demographic characteristics with staff wellbeing and quality of working life. The results showed that positive coping strategies, particularly active coping and help-seeking, were associated with higher wellbeing and better quality of working life. Negative coping strategies, such as avoidance, were risk factors for low wellbeing and worse quality of working life. The results point to the importance of organizational and management support during stressful times, which could include psycho-education and training about active coping and might take the form of workshops designed to equip staff with better coping skills.
Original languageEnglish
Article number815
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
Early online date19 Jan 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: This research was funded by seed funding from the Northern Ireland Social Care Council and the Southern Health and Social Care Trust in Northern Ireland, and the NIHR Policy Research Programme grant to the NIHR Policy Research Unit in Health and Social Care Workforce at King’s College London (grant number NIHR PRP).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • health and social care
  • coping
  • quality of working life
  • wellbeing
  • Covid-19
  • COVID-19
  • Health and social care
  • Wellbeing
  • Coping
  • Quality of working life


Dive into the research topics of 'The Role of Coping in the Wellbeing and Work-Related Quality of Life of UK Health and Social Care Workers during COVID-19'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this