Towards computer assisted evaluation of plagiocephaly

HA DONEGAN, D C O'flaherty, W.George Kernohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Plagiocephaly is a common asymmetry of the skull giving the impression that the subject, usually a neonate, has suffered a compressive force acting unilaterally. Normally innocuous, it is a postural deformity that can be suggestive of other significant abnormalities, e.g. joint dysplasia. Although intuitive measurements of plagiocephaly appear in the literature there is little evidence of analytical evaluation. This paper describes a measurement methodology based on black and white photography. A flat-bed scanner and a personal computer facilitated the transformation of the prepared photograph to standard tagged image file format at 256 grey scale. A utility was used to convert the file scan to a monochrome bitmap image which was displayed on the screen and subjected to an algorithm to compute the centroid of the cranial profile. Radials that emerge from the centroid to the cranial circumference at five degree intervals map to a signal display that represents the plagiocephaly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-167
Number of pages13
JournalInformatics for Health and Social Care
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Plagiocephaly
  • computer-aided assessment
  • head measurement

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