This chapter provides an overview and analysis of key periods, directors, feature films and aesthetic styles in Turkish independent cinema. Without financial backing, little public interest and an authoritarian censorship board—curtailing individualistic and political forms of expression—Turkish independent cinema developed, against all odds, in the 1960s. Since then, independent filmmaking has evolved due to different movements that were led by urban and well-educated directors. Yet, many of these cinematic movements never made it past their fringe existence because Turkey’s mainstream film industry has always relied on commercial and entertainment aspects in film production. As a result, these movements played a rather minor role in the country’s overall cinema history; nevertheless, their influence and importance with respect to inspiring new generations of filmmakers continues to until today.
|Title of host publication||Independent Filmmaking Around the Globe|
|Editors||Doris Baltruschat, Mary P. Erickson|
|Place of Publication||Toronto|
|Publisher||University of Toronto|
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2015|
Bibliographical noteReference text: Akser, Murat. “Yılmaz Güney’s Beautiful Losers: Idiom and Performance in Turkish Political Film,” in Deniz Bayrakdar, editor. Cinema and Politics: Turkish Cinema and the New Europe, (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009).
Akser, Murat. Green Pine Resurrected: Film Genre, Parody and Intertextuality in Turkish Cinema (Lambert, 2010).
Arslan, Savaş. Cinema in Turkey: A New Critical History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011).
Arslan, Savaş. “The New Cinema of Turkey.” New Cinemas 7:1 (2009), 83-97.
Atakev, Eylem, ed. Directory of World Cinema: Turkey (London: Intellect, 2012).
Atam, Zahit. Yakın Plan Yeni Türkiye Sineması (New Turkish Cinema in Close-up) (İstanbul: Cadde Yayınları, 2011).
Atam, Zahit. “Critical Thoughts on the New Turkish Cinema.” In Cinema and Politics: Turkish Cinema and the New Europe, edited by Deniz Bayrakdar (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009), 202-220.
Bayrakdar, Deniz, ed. Cinema and Politics: Turkish Cinema and the New Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars, 2009).
Christensen, Miyase and Nezih Erdoğan, eds. Shifting Landscapes: Film and Media in European Context (Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars, 2010).
Çavuşoğlu, Neslihan. 1990 Sonrası Türkiyede Bağımsız Sinema (Post-1990 Independent Cinema in Turkey). MA Thesis (Marmara University, İstanbul, 2006).
Dönmez-Colin, Gönül. Turkish Cinema: Identity, Distance and Belonging (London: Reaktion Books, 2008).
Daldal, Aslı. Art, Politics and Society: Social Realism in Italian and Turkish Cinemas (İstanbul: İsis Press, 2003).
Evren, Burçak.“Türk Sinemasında Yeni Bir Dönem: Bağımsız Sinemacılar.” (A New Era in Turkish Cinema: Independent Filmmakers) Antrakt. 75-76 (2004): 14-39.
Gevgilili, Ali. Çağını Sorgulayan Sinema (Cinema Questions the Times) (İstanbul: Bağlam, 1989).
Paneli, Hisar. “Hisar, bizim için çekim merkeziydi” (“Hisar was a Center of Attraction for Us”). (2005).
Holmlund, Chris and Justin Wyatt, eds. Contemporary American Independent Film (London: Routledge, 2005).
Levy, Emanuel. Cinema of the Outsiders: The Rise of American Independent Film (New York: NYU Press, 1999).
Refiğ, Halit. Ulusal Sinema Kavgası (Fight for a National Cinema) (İstanbul: Hareket, 2009).
Scognamillo, Giovanni. Türk Sinema Tarihi (History of Turkish Cinema) (İstanbul: Kabalcı, 2003).
Sivas, Ala. “Türk Sinemasında Bağımsızlık Anlayışı ve Temsilcileri”(“Conception of Independence in Turkish Cinema and its Representatives”), in Türk ve Dünya Sineması Üzerine Sentezler (Syntheses on Turkish and World Cinema), Serpil Kırel, ed. (İstanbul: Parşömen Yayıncılık, 2011), 121-146.
Suner, Asuman. New Turkish Cinema: Belonging, Identity and Memory (London: IB Tauris, 2010).
Süalp, Tül Akbal. “Bağımsız Sinema Kim(ler)den ve Ne(ler)den Oluşur?” (“Who and What are the Independent Cinema?”), Antrakt, 75–76 (2003-2004), 20-22.
Teksoy, Rekin. Turkish Cinema (İstanbul: Oğlak, 2007).
Tzioumakis, Yannis. American Independent Cinema: An Introduction (Camden, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2006).
Woodhead, Christine, ed. Turkish Cinema: An Introduction (London: Centre of Near & Middle Eastern Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, 1989).]
- independent cinema
- Turkish cinema