This paper discusses the relevance of non formal educational experiences associated with youth work practice in Northern Ireland. It argues that while youth work is distinctly educational and involves constructive interventions with young people its role and contribution is often undervalued or misunderstood. Youth work plays a vital role in supporting young people through the increasingly prolonged and complex transition from youth to adulthood. While youth work sits within a theoretical framework of non formal education, its contribution to lifelong learning is perhaps of greater significance than has previously been recognised.
|Journal||Journal of Child and Youth Care Work|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2010|
Bibliographical noteReference text: Bamber, J., (2001), Educational Groupwork and Active Citizenship: Towards a Theoretical Framework. Journal of Youth & Policy, 74, Winter.
Banks, S. (2005) Professional values in informal education work. In Richardson, L.D. and Wolfe, M. (Eds) Principles and Practice of Informal Education: Learning through Life. New York: Rutledge.
Brooks, R. (2006). Learning and work in lives of young people. International Journal of Lifelong Learning. Vol.25. No. 3 (May-June 2006) pp271-289.
Cane, T., (1999) Young People and Governance. Young People Now. National Youth Agency Publications.
Carr, W. and Kemmis, S. (1986) Becoming Critical. Education, knowledge and action research, Lewes: Falmer.
Crosby, M. (2005) Working with people as an informal educator. In Richardson, L.D. and Wolfe, M. (Eds) Principles and Practice of Informal Education: Learning through Life. New York: Rutledge.
Davis, B. (2005) Youth Work: A Manifesto for our Times. Youth & Policy, No.88 p5-28.
Department of Education (1997) Youth Work: A Model For Effective Practice. Department for Education, Northern Ireland.
Department of Education (2003) Youth Work: A model for effective practice. Update 2003. Department for Education, Northern Ireland.
Doyle, M.E. (2005) On being an educator. In Richardson, L.D. and Wolfe, M. (Eds) Principles and Practice of Informal Education: Learning through Life. New York: Rutledge.
Field, J., (1994) “Open Learning and Consumer culture.” Open Learning. Vol. 9, No. 2, June. pp. 3-11.
Field, J., (1995) “Globalisation, Consumption and the Learning Business.” Distance Education. Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 270-283.
Field, J. and Taylor, R., (1995) “The Funding and Organisation of Adult Continuing Education Research in Britain: Trends and Prospects.” International Journal of Lifelong Learning. Vol. 14, No. 3, May /June. pp. 247 260.
Field, J., (1997) “Globalisation, Social Capital and Lifelong Learning: Connections For Our Times.” Conference on Active Citizenship and Adult Education. (ESREA-Strobl), 8-12 September.
Field, J., Francis, H.,Schuller, T., Tuckett, A. and Sargant, N. A., (1997) The Learning Divide. (NIACE).
Field, J., (1997) “Equity and Access: Adult Participation in Higher Education in Northern Ireland.” Journal of Access Studies. Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 139-152.
Field, J., (1997) “Continuing Education and the European Dimension: A Survey of British Professionals’ Attitudes.” Journal of Further and Higher Education. Vol. 21, No. 1.
Field, J. and Schulle,r T., (1998), “Social Capital, Human Capital and the Learning Society.” International Journal of Lifelong Education. Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 226-235.
Field, J., and Schuller, T. (2002) Social capital, human capital and the learning society. Supporting Lifelong Learning reader for E845 Open University module. Edited by Edwards, R., Miller, N., Small, N, and Tait. A. Routlege; London and New York.
Field, J. (2003,a). Social Capital: Key Ideas. Routledge; Taylor and Francis Group. London and New York.
Field, J., (2003,(ba)) Research Update for ARK . Social and Political Archive. Northern Ireland. Number 17: February.
Field, J. (2003(b)). Social Capital: Key Ideas. Routledge; Taylor and Francis Group. London and New York.
France, A., (1996), A Consultation with Young People and Service providers. A Report for the Social Regeneration Committee and the Sheffield Liaison Group. Sheffield Health Authority.
France, A, and Wiles, P., (1997) The Youth Action Scheme and the Future of Youth Work. Youth & Policy. 57, pp. 1-16.
France, A, and Wiles, P., (1997), Dangerous Futures: Social exclusion in ‘late’ modernity and the role of Youth Work. Social Policy and Administration. Winter.
Freire, P., (1970), Pedagogy of the Oppressed. (Harmondsworth: Penguin).
Goodwin, J and O’Connor, H.(2007) Continuity and change in the experiences of transition from school to work. International Journal of Lifelong Learning. Vol.26. No. 5 (Sept-Oct 2007), pp555-572.
Hall, S. (1904) Adolecsence: Its psychology and its relationship to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion and education. (Vol 1), Englewood Cliffs:, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Harland, K., (2000; 1997)) men and Masculinity: An ethnographic study into the construction of masculine identities in inner city Belfast. , Young Men Talking – Voices from Belfast. Working with Men, (London: YouthAction Northern Ireland Publications).PhD submitted to the University of Ulster.
Harland, K., (2001), The challenges and potential of developing a more effective youth work curriculum with young men. Journal of Child Care in Practice. Vol. 7 Number 4.
Harland, K,. Morgan, T. and Muldoon, O. (2005) The Nature of Youth Work in Northern Ireland: Purpose, Contribution and Challenges. University of Ulster and Queens University Belfast Publications.
Harland, K,. Harvey, C,. Morgan, T, and McCready, S. (2005) Worth their Weight in Gold: The views of Community Youth Work Graduates in Northern Ireland on their chosen career. Youth & Policy: Journal of Critical Analysis. No. 86, Winter.
Harland, (2007) The Legacy of conflict in Northern Ireland: Paramilitarism, violence and youth work in contested spaces. In Work with youth in divided and contested societies. Magnuson, D. and Baizerman, M. (Eds) Sense Publishers: Rotterdam.
Ingram, G. and Harris, J. (2005) Defining Good Youth Work. In Working with Young People. Harrison, R. and Wise, C. (Eds) Open University:Sage.
Jeffs, T. and Smith, M., (1990), Using Informal Education. (Milton Keynes, Philadelphia: OUP).
Jeffs, T and Smith, M., (1999), The problem of ‘youth’ for youth work. Youth & Policy. 62, Winter.
Jeffs, T., (2001), Something to give and something to learn. In Gilchrist, R and Jeffs, T. Settlements, Social Change and Community Action. (London: Jessica Kingsley).
Jeffs, T. (2004) Curriculum Debate: A letter to Jon Ord. Youth & Policy: Journal of Critical Analysis. No. 84. Summer.
Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. (2006) Where is Youth Matters Taking us? Youth & Policy, No. 91. p23-40.
Jeffs, T. and Smith, M. (2010) (Eds) Youth Work Practice. London: Palgrave McMillan
Kitto, J., (1986), Holding the Boundaries. The professional training of face-to-face workers at a distance. (YMCA National College).
Loughlin, F., McCartney, J., Morgan, P, and Sherry, A. (2005) Why Youth Work in Schools. In Glazewski, M. and Salacinski, L. (Eds) Conflicts, Mediation and Youth. Krakow: Poland. (ISBN 83-7308-540-8).
Mahoney, J. (2005) What is Informal education? In Richardson, L.D. and Wolfe, M. (Eds) Principles and Practice of Informal Education: Learning through Life. New York: Rutledge.
Merton, B. and Wylie, T. The Youth Work curriculum: A response to Jon Ord. Youth & Policy. No. 84. Summer.
Millburn, T., (2000), Connecting with Young People and Youth Issues. Youth and Policy. 68.
Milburn, T., Rowlands, C., Stephen, S., Woodhouse, H., and Sneider, A., (2003) Set it up: Charting young people’s progress. University of Strathclyde.
Mizen, (2003) Tomorrow’s Future of Signs of a Misspent Youth? Youth Policy and the First Blair Government. Youth & Policy, No 79, p1-18.
Morgan, T. O’Hare, B and Campbell, H., (2000), The Excluded Adolescent: An Exploration of the issues surrounding marginalised young people in Northern Ireland. A report for YouthNet. N. Ireland.
Morgan, T., Morgan, P and O’Kelly,B (2007). Youth Work in Schools: An investigation of youth work, as a process of informal learning, in formal settings. Commissioned by the Department of Education for Northern Ireland. Final document June 2007.
Muldoon, O., Schmid, K., Downes, C., Kremer, J. and Trew, K. (2008) The Legacy of the Troubles: Experiences of the troubles, Mental Health and Social Attitudes. http://www.legacyofthetroubles.qub.ac.uk/LegacyOfTheTroublesFinalReport.pdf (Accessed 8th February 2008).
OECD (1999) Measuring Knowledge in Learning Economies and Societies. Report on Washington Forum on 17-18 May 1999 organised jointly by the National Science Foundation and the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Ord, J. (2004) The Youth Work curriculum and the Transforming Youth Work Agenda. Youth & Policy. No, 83.
Pohl, A and Walther, A. (2007) Activating the disadvantaged. Variations in addressing youth transitions across Europe. International Journal of Lifelong Learning. Vol.26. No.5 (Sept-Oct. 2007) pp533-553.
Reed, D., (1991), ‘Education for building a peoples’ movement’. In Hammond, M. and Collins, R. Self-Directed Learning. ‘Critical Practice.’ (Nichols/GP Pub). pp. 78-79.
Rogers, C. (1980) A Way of Being. New York: Houghton Mifflin.
Shildrick, T and MacDonald, R. (2007) Biographies of exclusion: poor work and poor transitions.International Journal of Lifelong Learning. Vol.26. No. 5 (Sept-Oct. 2007), pp589-604.
Shumer,R. Unpublished paper: Academic Learning + Experiential Learning = Complete Learning. University of Minnesota. 1993.
Shumer, R. Involving Youth in Evaluation: A Guide. University of Minnesota. 2005
Smith, M. (1982) Informal education – conversation, democracy and learning. Derbyshire: Education Now Publications.
Smith, M. (1988) Developing Youth Work. Informal education, mutual aid and popular practice, Milton Keynes: Open University Press.
Smith, M. (1999) Praxis. An introduction to the idea. www.infed.org.uk
Smith, M. K. (2002) 'Youth work: an introduction', the encyclopedia of informal education, www.infed.org/youthwork/b-yw.htm. accessed 20/10/07.
Spence, J., Devanney, C. and Noonan, K. (2006) Youth Work: Voices of Practice The National Youth Agency : Leicester.
Spence, J. (2007, Forthcoming) Support: In Robb, M. (Ed) Youth in Context: Frameworks, Settings and Encounters. Sage: Open University.
Stokes, H and Wyn, J. (2007). Constructing identities and making careers: young people’s perspectives on work and learning. International Journal of Lifelong Learning. Vol.26. No.5 (Sept-Oct. 2007), pp495-511.
The National Youth Agency (2005) Ethical Conduct in Youth Work: Statement of values and principles. In Working with young people. Harrison, R. and Wise, C. (Eds) Open University: Sage Publications
Tucker, S., (1994), Changing Times, Changing Roles? An Examination of Contemporary Youth and Community Practice. Youth & Policy. 46. pp. 5-16.
Williamson, C., (1995), The Dropout Society: Young People on the Margin. Youth Work Press.
Wilson, D. and Tyrell, J. (1995) Institutions for conciliation and mediation. In Dunn, S. (Ed) Facets of the conflict in Northern Ireland. PP230-250. London: St. Martin.
Wolfe, M. (2005) Conversation. In Richardson, L.D. and Wolfe, M. (Eds) Principles and Practice of Informal Education: Learning through Life. New York: Rutledge.
Young, K., (1999), The Art of Youth Work. (Lyme Regis: Russell House Publications).
YouthAction Northern Ireland., (2002), Everyday Life: Young men, violence and developing youth work practice in Northern Ireland. YouthAction Publications.
Youth Council for Northern Ireland., (1993), Participation: Youth Work Curriculum Guidelines. Youth Council for Northern Ireland Publishers. pp. 9-10.
Youth Work: A Model for effective practice., (1997), Department of Education for Northern Ireland.
Youth Work: A Model for Effective Practice., (2003)., Update by the YCNI for the Department of Education for Northern Ireland.
- youth work
- lifelong learning
- youth transitions