This paper evaluates the potential of consumer flexibility from a portfolio of heat loads, solar panels and batteries in Social Housing to provide ancillary services. We propose two new ancillary service products: Turn-Up-Demand (TUD) and Turn-Down-Demand (TDD). We ran simulations for a complete year. The buffer-tank scenario provided earnings of £146/year for an average consumer. Finally, we propose a new policy called the Vulnerable Consumer Priority in Administering System Services (VCPASS) and the use of Heat-as-a-Service (HaaS) to fund the replacement of oil-boilers with heat pumps in fuel poor homes with a rate of 9.99p/kWh of heat for a payback period of 15 years.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is funded by the European Union's INTERREG VA Programme [Grant Number IVA5038 ], managed by the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB), and is a part of the SPIRE 2 project. The views and opinions expressed in this document do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission or the Special EU Programmes Body (SEUPB). Special thanks to Sheila Nolan, Eoin Clifford and the entire Eirgrid DS3 team for their generous support and provision of DS3 payment data. Thanks also to NIE Networks and the Northern Ireland Housing Executive for their support of this work.
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- Demand flexibility in social housing
- Turn-up demand and turn-down demand
- DS3 ancillary services