WAYS OUT OF CONFLICT: Resources for Community Relations WorkTHE IMPORTANCE OF INFORMAL ADULT EDUCATION AND RECONCILIATIONThere are distinct limits to the ways in which the formal education system within an 'ethnic frontier' (Wright, 1987) can be expected to yield new forms of community relationships between people from mutually antagonistic traditions. Understandably, out of historical and present day fears, the formal educational systems within the frontier area are identified with the interests of the competing traditions and, primarily, reproduce their cultural values and beliefs. The task of cultural reproduction dominates the task of reconstruction. Reconstructing a society which is marked by trusting relationships and jointly owned and managed structures is desirable for the educator assisting change and growth in pupils, yet it is culturally difficult for them to do.It is unfair of the adult community to ask these professionals and children to solely undertake this task for adult society. (Wilson, 1994). However, there still may be an opportunity for new meetings, relationships and structures to develop in such areas. One such place is when adults choose to come together in informal education programmes and training, outside the formal statutory education system. Drawing on the experiences of "The Understanding Conflict ... and Finding Ways Out of it" project in Northern Ireland, (Morrow, 1991, pp 119-128) such meetings can occur when the initiative for successful experiments comes from the participants. Personal choice is the central element in developing informal education approaches. it stands in contrast to the legal requirements on pupils to attend the formal statutory education system and teachers to teach a required curriculum. It is possible when a base of reconciliation work (Wilson, 1994, op. cit.) has evolved within the situation. (Hinds, 1994)The central idea under examination here is whether people from the different traditions in Northern Ireland can meet together and speak together constructively about the themes which interest and effect them most in daily life. We are especially interested in examining ways in which the emotionally laden themes and fears around living in a contested place can be examined within mixed company. (Morrow, Wilson & Wright, 1994) Although directly focussed on Northern Ireland, the approach has been used with people from other societies. (Wilson, op. cit., 1994; & Understanding Conflict.... 1993, p 5)
|Number of pages||112|
|ISBN (Print)||1 873739 10|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
Bibliographical noteThe full text includes ten 4 page Group Work Exercises with detailed facilitation approaches suggested.
A PDF is being prepared and will be added.
Reference text: BIBLIOGRAPHY
Central Community Relations Unit. (1992) Review of Employment Equality in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Central Community Relations Unit. Community Development in Protestant Areas
Central Community Relations Unit. (1992) Review of Employment Equality in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Central Community Relations Unit.
Community Development in Protestant Areas Steering Group, (1991) Community Development in Protestant Areas, Belfast: C.D.P.A.
Compton, PA. ( 1982) "The Demographic Dimension of Integration and Division in Northern Ireland" in Integration and Division, Boal, F.W and Douglas, N.H., London: Academic Press.
Compton, P & Coward, J. (1989) Fertility and Family Planning in Northern Ireland, Aldershot: Avebury Press.
Darby, J. (1986) Intimidation and The Controls on Conflict in Northern Ireland, Dublin: Gill & Macmillan.
Department of Education (N.I.) (1987) Circular 1987 / 47 Cross Community Contact Scheme, Bangor: D.E.N.1.
Department of Education (N.I.) (1988) Circular 1988 / 2 Cross Community Contact Scheme: EMU Programmes, Bangor: D.E.N.1. Department of Education, (1989) Education Reform Order (NI) Bangor: D.E.N.I.
Dewey. J. (1910) Educational Essays, London: Blackie.
Farren, S., Finn, P, Kirk, T. , Hughes, J. (1992) Students Together and Students Apart, Coleraine: University of Ulster.
Gallagher, A.M. (1991) The Majority Minority Review, No. 2 Employment, Unemployment and Religion in Northern Ireland, Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict.
Gallagher, A.M. (1993) "Community Relations, Equality and Education." in Osborne, R., Cormack, R.D. & Gallagher, A.M. (1993) After the reforms: Education policy in Northern Ireland. Aldershot: Avebury Press.
Hoare, A.G. (1981) "Why They Go Where They Go, the Political Imagery of Industrial Location." in Transactions, New Series 6, Institute of British Geographers .
Hinds, J. (1994) A Guide to Peace, Reconciliation and Community Relations Projects in Ireland, Belfast: N. 1. Community Relations Council.
Knox, C. Hughes, J. Birrell.D. & Mc Cready, S. (1993) A Policy Evaluation of the District Council Community Relations Programme Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict.
McAuley, J. (1994) Politics of Identity : Protestant Working Class Politics and Culture in Belfast, Aldershot: Avebury.
Miller, D. (1978) Queens Rebels: Ulster Loyalism in Historical Perspective. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.
Morrow, D. (1991) "Teaching and Learning With Adults in Northern Ireland" in Poggeler, F, and Yaron, K. (eds) Adult Education in Crisis Situations, Jerusalem: Magnes Press.
Morrow, D. (1994) "Games between Frontiers" in Northern Ireland - Past and Present, (ed) Elvert, J., Weisbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH.
Murray, D. (1985) Worlds Apart: Segregated Schools in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Appletree Press.
O'Connor, F. (1993) In Search of A State: Catholics in Northern Ireland, Belfast: Blackstaff Press.
Osborne, R.D. & Cormack, R.J. (1993) Religion, Education And Employment, Belfast, Appletree Press.
Smith, A. & Dunn, S. (1986) Extending Inter School Links.. An Evaluation of Contact between Protestant and Catholic pupils in Northern Ireland, Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict.
Smith, A. & Robinson, A. (1994) The EMU Promoting School, (Report of a Conference on E.M.U. and Schools, November, 1993), Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict.
Smith, A. & Robinson, A (1992) Education for Mutual Understanding, Perceptions and Policy, Coleraine: Centre for the Study of Conflict.
Springfield I.C.D.P (1993) Life on the interface, Belfast: Island Publications
Stewart, A.T.Q. (1977) The Narrow Ground: Aspects of Ulster, 1609-1969. London: Faber and Faber.
Understanding Conflict ... and Finding Ways out of it, (1993) Third Year Report, Belfast: Understanding Conflict Trust.
Wilson , D.A. & Wright, E (1992) 'Intimidation in the Workplace' Paper at Ethnic Studies Network Conference, University of Ulster.
Wilson, D.A. (1994) Learning Together for a Change, D. Phil. Thesis, Faculty of Education, Coleraine: University of Ulster.
Wright, F. (1987) Northern Ireland. A Comparative Analysis, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan.
Wright. F. (1990) "Some Problems of Education for Mutual Understanding" in Kaptein, Morrow, Wilson & Wright, Finding Ways to Go, Belfast: Corrymeela Press.
Wright, F. (1991a) Assymetry in Cross Community Meetings and the Political Future of Divided Societies, Coleraine: Understanding Conflict Project.
Wright, F.(1991b) "Culture Identity and the Protestant Community" in Community Development in Protestant Areas, Belfast: C.D.P.A.
Wright, F.(1996) Two Lands on One Soil, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan and The Understanding Conflict Trust.
- Informal Education
- Community Relations
- Ethnic Frontier Society
- Conflict resolution